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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答12:旧约的每一页都指向基督吗?  

2010-10-10 12:03:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【神学问答】

12. 旧约的每一页都指向基督吗?这样是不是把太多东西读进旧约了?


原文:Isn't it reading too much into the Old Testament to see references to Christ on every page?
诚之译

整部新约都在论证这个事实,就是旧约的每一页,都在轻声地诉说着基督被钉十字架和被高举的信息。最先的几个使徒,在他们的讲道和著作中,就是這樣诠释并应用许多旧约经文的(例如,徒2:22-36;15:12-21;林前10:1-3,这些只是众多例子中的少数)。一个很好的例子是希伯来书8:5,那里说到旧约的会幕和祭司只是“预表和影子”(copy and shadow)。在表达出这个预表法的释经原则之后,作者接着用了好几章经文来说明这部分的旧约如何在基督里得着完美的应验。此外,他不满足于单单说到献祭系统,他还在历史人物中——例如麦基洗德(希伯来书7章),以及在写给以色列家的预言中——例如耶利米书31:33(希伯来书第8章),以及在不同的时代和背景所写下的许多诗歌中(例如,来1:5-14;2:5-18;10:5-10等等),都发现它们是清楚地指向基督,也指向教会。旧约所记录的一切,都在基督里应验了,而这些应验全是为了教会,她真正承受了旧约所有的应许。
The fact that the message of Christ crucified and exalted is whispered on every page of the Old Testament is argued for throughout the New Testament, and may be clearly discerned in how the first apostles interpreted and applied various Old Testament passages in their sermons and writings (e.g. Acts 2:22-36; 15:12-21; 1 Cor. 10:1-13, to name but a very few). A good exemplary passage would be Hebrews 8:5, which refers to the Old Testament tabernacle and priestly duties as “types and shadows”. Then, after expressing this hermeneutical principle of typology, the author goes on for several chapters to show how this part of the Old Testament finds its perfect fulfillment in Christ. And furthermore, he is not content to speak merely of the sacrificial system, but finds in historical persons, such as Melchizedek (Hebrews 7), in prophecies written to the House of Israel, such as Jeremiah 31:33 (Hebrews 8), and in various psalms, written in different times and contexts (e.g. Hebrews 1:5-14; 2:5-18; 10:5-10, etc.) clear references both to Christ, who fulfills everything written, and to the Church, for whom everything was fulfilled, and who is the true heir of all the Old Testament promises.

新约的作者,每当他们谈到旧约,无一例外地都展示了这个释经原则,而他们这样做,是符合基督自己从所有旧约圣经所教导他们的(路24:44-48)。这给了我们良好和必要的证据,让我们也要如此阅读旧约,就是在其中寻找要来的基督的预表和影子。这些起初是模糊不清的,但是既然基督已经受害,又进入祂的荣耀,我们如今就可以在旧约所有的特征中,包括历史事件,人物,地点,预言,诗篇,献祭律法等等,找到基督的预表和影子。总之,不只是每一书页,也是旧约经文的所有特征,都教导我们关于基督的事,这是我们在基督已经得荣耀之后可以明白的。而如果拒绝在所有这些方法中看见基督,就是剥夺了圣经中最伟大的宝藏和真理。
The fact that the New Testament authors, without exception, displayed this hermeneutic whenever they addressed the Old Testament, and that they did so in accordance with what Christ had taught them of himself, from all the Old Testament scriptures (Luke 24:44-48), gives us good and necessary warrant for reading the Old Testament in the same way: looking for types and shadows of the coming Christ, which were at first obscure, but which may be understood now that Jesus has suffered and entered his glory, in every feature of the Old Testament, including historical events, persons, places, prophecies, psalms, sacrificial laws, and so on. In short, not just every page, but every feature of the Old Testament text has things to teach us about Christ, which we may understand now that Christ has been glorified; and to refuse to see Christ in all these ways is to rob ourselves of the greatest treasures and truths of the bible.
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