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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答4:圣经的主要内容是什么?  

2010-10-16 22:18:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【神学问答】

4. 圣经的主要内容是什么?


What is the Bible About?
诚之译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/bibleabout.html

圣经从神自己的角度来鸟瞰世界历史——以敬拜神(荣耀神)为目的,是神亲自监管的,会有一个胜利的结局,所有的这些细节在创造世界以前神就已经计划好了(赛46:9-10;太25:34;彼前1:20;启13:8);而根据这个神对历史的看法,所有的事情都要在基督里同归于一,祂是世界历史存在的理由,一切的丰 盛都在祂里面得到总结(弗1:9-12;西1:13-20)。因此,当祂在地上的时候,耶稣教导整本的圣经,从摩西的第一本书,到先知的最后一本书,都是唯独为祂和祂的救赎大工作见证的(约5:39-40;路24:25-27,44-48)。
The bible gives an overview of world history from God's own perspective, with its doxological (i.e. God-glorifying) purpose, divine superintendence, and victorious end, all minutely planned out before the creation of the world (Isa. 46:9-10; Mat. 25:34; 1 Pet. 1:20; Rev. 13:8); and according to this divine perspective on history, all things were designed to be brought together in Christ, who is the reason for world history and the one in whom all things are summed up (Eph. 1:9-12; Col. 1:13-20). Thus, when he was on the earth, Jesus taught that the entire bible, from the first books of Moses to the last books of the prophets, was written to testify of him and his redemptive work alone (Jn. 5:39-40; Luk. 24:25-27, 44-48).

圣经的伟大主题是人类的救赎,以及神国永恒的成长(赛9;7;启5:9),而神的国是由众多在创世以前就被拣选的罪人所形成的;他们认识神的恩典(这恩典是人所不配的),是为了彰显祂的怜悯(弗1:4;罗9:23-24;弗2:7;3:21)。这个故事中最伟大的英雄是耶稣基督。祂与父神立了一个永恒的约,要作为此永恒之约的担保人,以救赎一群百姓(诗2:7-9;约17:1-5)。这个约是神与堕落的人类所立的,为的是要拯救他们,把他们带回到神的面前。因此,在亚当堕落之后,神在创世记3:15立刻作出这位中保的应许;而圣经其余的部分就是在展开这个最初应许的福音,并且显明这个伟大的步骤(神在整个人类历史中所采用的步骤),来预表基督,确认祂将要到来的应许,并预备好在“时候满足”时(加4:4-5),使祂进入这个世界,成就这个应许。圣经以及整个人类历史的顶峰就是加略山的十字架,在那里,耶稣,那位应许的基督,完满成就了圣约的救赎,为所有祂与神约定要救赎的百姓(参加6:14),把自己献上,作为赎罪的祭。圣经伟大的终曲就是乐园的恢复,神要再次住在祂得赎的百姓当中,并与耶稣基督,他们的以马内利一起,享受与他们的永恒的心灵相通,并在他们永不停止的赞美中欢喜快乐(启21:1-5)。
The great theme of the bible is the redemption of mankind, and the eternal growth of the Kingdom of God (Isa. 9:7; Rev. 5:9), which is swelled by the legions of sinners chosen before the foundation of the world to know God's unmerited grace, and so to magnify his mercy (Eph. 1:4; Rom. 9:23-24; Eph. 2:7; 3:21). Its great hero is Jesus Christ, who entered into an eternal covenant with the Father to redeem a people (Psalm 2:7-9; John 17:1-5), and who was then made the Guarantor of an eternal covenant that God made with fallen mankind, to save them and bring them back into his presence. Thus, he was promised immediately after Adam's fall, in Genesis 3:15; and the rest of the bible unfolds that first gospel promise, and shows the great steps that God took throughout human history to foreshadow Christ, confirm the promise of his coming, and prepare to bring him into the world to fulfill the promise “in the fullness of time” (Gal. 4:4-5). The climax of the bible and of all human history is the Cross of Calvary, where Jesus, the promised Christ, fully accomplished the covenanted redemption, offering himself up as an atoning sacrifice for all the people that he had covenanted with the Father to save (cf. Gal. 6:14). The great conclusion of the bible is paradise regained, where God dwells once again in the midst of his redeemed people, with Jesus Christ, their Immanuel, enjoying eternal fellowship with them, and exulting in their unending praises (Rev. 21:1-5).

圣经的这个伟大主题,即藉著应许的基督救赎一群百姓,最终是被设计作为神的自我启示,要将神永无穷尽且极多绝美的荣耀启示出来,好让祂的百姓可以永远赞美祂(诗79:9;赛43:6-7,25)。
This great theme of the bible, the redemption of a people through the promised Christ, was designed ultimately as the self-revelation of all the inexhaustible and diversely excellent glory of God, so that his people might glorify him for all eternity (Psalm 79:9; Isaiah 43:6-7, 25).

参考阅读:圣经鸟瞰:救恩历史概论
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