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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答7:教会必须诠释圣经吗?  

2010-10-16 22:25:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【神学问答】

7. 教会必须诠释圣经吗?


Does the Church have to interpret the bible?
诚之译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/churchinterpret.html

在救赎历史的这个阶段,上帝定意要在(用基督的血所设立的)普世教会中,保存祂的真理;因此,祂称教会是“真理的柱石和根基”(提前3:15),并劝诫信徒顺服教会的长老——他们努力研读神的话和教义(提前5:17;来13:17)。然而,圣经也同时表明,个别的信徒每天研读圣经,看教会领袖(无论他们的名声地位多么显赫)所教导的,是否合乎圣经,也是必要且可敬的。
In this era of redemptive history, God has chosen to preserve his truth within the universal Church that he established with his blood; and hence he calls the Church “the pillar and ground of the truth” (1 Timothy 3:15), and exhorts believers to obey the Church's elders who labor in the word and doctrine (1 Timothy 5:17; Hebrews 13:17); however, the bible also indicates that it is necessary and honorable for individual believers to be studying the scriptures daily, to see if the things taught by the Church leaders, no matter how prominent they might be, are according to the bible (Acts 17:11).

此外,虽然我们承认真理是保存在圣而公之普世教会中,我们必须明白,只有靠合乎圣经的洞察力,才能认出什么是真教会。因为圣经说到有许多假先知和假教义,会在教会当中兴起,甚至指出许多教会会离道叛教(提前4:1-4;提后3:13-17;彼后2:1-3;启2:5;13:11)。因此,为了认出哪些是保存了圣经真理的教会,我们必须明白圣经所教导的,也要明白,一个“教会”若否认圣经中所宣讲的福音,就根本不是真教会。因此,使徒保罗高举他所宣讲的唯独靠恩典称义,唯独藉著信心,唯独在基督里,唯独归荣耀给神的福音,高过其他任何(无论是地上的或天上)的权威。他甚至说,如果任何使徒或教师,或来自天上的使者,或他自己,若传讲不同的福音,就要受到永恒的咒诅(加1:6-10)。在这个清单上,容我们加上任何挂着虚名的“教会”。
Furthermore, although we acknowledge that the truth is preserved in the holy and universal Church, we must realize that it takes biblical discernment even to recognize what the true Church is; for the bible speaks of many false prophets and false doctrines arising up in the midst of the Church, and even indicates that entire churches may become apostate (1 Tim. 4:1-4; 2 Tim. 3:13-17; 2 Pet. 2:1-3; Rev. 2:5; 13:11); so that, to recognize what constitutes the Church in which the truth of the bible has been preserved, one must understand what the bible teaches, and realize that no “church” which denies the gospel proclaimed in the bible is a true church at all. Thus, the apostle Paul exalts the gospel which he had proclaimed of justification by grace alone, through faith alone, in Christ alone, to the glory of God alone, far above any other authority, whether earthly or heavenly, saying that if any apostle or teacher or angel from heaven, or even himself should proclaim a different gospel, he would be eternally accursed (Gal. 1:6-10); and to this list, we may add any falsely-named “church”.

如此,我们既然认识到上帝已经透过教会历史,掌管圣经教义真理的保存与建构,任何个别的信徒就不应该自以为是地轻易反对早期大公教会所决定的清楚的教义陈述,例如神的三一性,以及对圣经正典之书卷的接纳;但任何信徒,当他们接受从许多败坏的假教会所产生出来的任何亵渎与不合圣经的教导时,也不能把它当作一个合法的理由,说他是在顺服“教会”的权柄。因为任何所谓的败坏福音的“教会”,都是假教会,我们连一分钟都不应该顺服。
Thus, recognizing that God has superintended the preservation and formulation of the doctrinal truths of the bible through the history of the Church, no individual believer ought to be so presumptuous as to go lightly against the clear doctrinal statements of the early ecumenical councils on such doctrines as the Trinitarian conception of God and the acceptance of the several books of the canon; but neither will any believer find it a legitimate excuse that they are submitting to the authority of the “church” when they accept any of the blasphemous and unbiblical teaching that has sprung up in many corrupt false churches, according to prophecy. For any so-called “church” that has corrupted the gospel is a false church, and ought not be obeyed even for a moment.
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