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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答8:诠释圣经必要的原则  

2010-10-17 03:00:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【神学问答】

8. 研读圣经有哪些必要的诠释原则?


What principles of interpretation are necessary to study the bible?
诚之译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/whatprinciples.html


如果我们渴望研读圣经,在一开始就必须了解,如果要正确地理解圣经,有一些规则或原则是我们必须牢记在心的,好让我们能正确地加以应用。这些研究诠释的原则,称为“释经学”(hermeneutics),能帮助我们正确地明白圣经;阅读经文时,我们所拥有的释经学是非常重要的,因为它决定了我们该如何理解所阅读的一切。
If we desire to study the bible, we must realize from the outset that there are certain rules or principles that we must keep in mind, if we would understand it accurately, and so be able to apply it appropriately. The study of the principles of interpretation that we use to help us understand the bible is called “hermeneutics”; and the hermeneutic that we have when we approach the text is of paramount concern, because it will shape our understanding of everything we read.

虽然许多基督徒或许不知道“释经学”这个词真正的意义,然而,每个人其实都有一套释经学,它管制着我们如何理解并应用圣经。在当代西方福音派中,一种后现代的、个人式的释经学变成了常态,因此许多家庭查经班常常会根据这个原则来设计,就是让每个人轮流分享,看这一节或这一段经文“对你个人的意义”是什么;而在回答这个问题时,没有人是正确的,也没有人是错误的,而是每个人都可以得到启发,窥得堂奥,使个人得到激励或得到个人的应用。这种释经法对于基督徒真正理解明白圣经的能力,造成了极大地伤害!其效果反而是在肯定这个人自己的智慧,而不是把个人投身在神的智慧中,得着神在圣经中所要启示表达的智慧。
Although many Christians may not even know what the term “hermeneutics” means, yet in truth, everyone has a hermeneutic which governs how he understands and applies the scriptures. In contemporary western Evangelicalism, a post-modern, individualistic hermeneutic is the norm, and so home bible studies are often designed on the principle of going around the room and asking what a particular verse or passage “means to me”; and in answering that question, no one is right or wrong, but everyone can glean little tidbits of inspiring thoughts that they find personally encouraging or applicational. This hermeneutic is very destructive to a Christian's ability to understand what the bible is really saying, and has the effect of confirming him in his own wisdom, instead of casting him on the wisdom of God, as he has expressed himself in the bible.

今天还流行其他许多种很有影响力,但又深具破坏性的释经法,例如照字面去阅读旧约的预言,拒绝接受新约的教导——也就是所有的预言都在基督里得着了应验,所有在基督里的人也都承受了这些应许;因此,为了避免这些错误的释经观念,很重要的是要知道什么哪些才是真正的、适当的释经原则。在最基本的层面,正确的释经法具有以下几个形容词所描绘的特征:文法的,历史的,上下文的,以及以基督为中心的。在以下的几个问题中,我们会更详细地解释这些形容词。
There are many other influential and destructive hermeneutics in currency today, such as a literalistic reading of Old Testament prophecy which refuses to accept the New Testament teaching that all prophecies have found their fulfillment in Christ, and are inherited by everyone who is in Christ; so in order to avoid these and other false hermeneutics, it is important to know what the true and proper principles of hermeneutics are. At the most basic level, a proper hermeneutic will be characterized by the following adjectives: grammatical, historical, contextual, and Christ-centered; all of which will be examined a little more carefully in the following questions.

“我们应该用一种基于神明确的设计,即在经文中发现基督的方式,来阅读圣经。任何偏离这个目标的人,纵使他穷一生之力努力学习,也不会得到真理的知识;因为如果没有神的智慧,我们还能拥有什么智慧呢?“——约翰福音5:39,加尔文的注释。(译按:“一切智慧和知识的宝库都蕴藏在基督里面,西2:3,新译本)
We ought to read the Scriptures with the express design of finding Christ in them. Whoever shall turn aside from this object, though he may weary himself throughout his whole life in learning, will never attain the knowledge of the truth; for what wisdom can we have without wisdom of God? - John Calvin Commentary on John 5:39

“读圣经有两种方法。其中一种方法是圣经基本上是与你有关的:像是你该做什么,才能与神和好?这样一来,你永远不会有确实而可靠的盼望,因为你总是知道自己永远无法达到这个标准;你对未来就不会有把握。或者你可以这样读,就是圣经都是关于耶稣的。圣经记载的每一件事,不是关于你该作什么,使你可以与神和好,而是祂已经成就了什么,使你可以与神有绝对正确的关系。这就有如耶稣基督在对你说:‘除非你正确阅读圣经,除非你明白救恩唯靠恩典,你永远不会有一个确实而肯定的盼望。但是一旦你明白,圣经都是关于我——耶稣基督,那么,你就会得到有平安。你可以确知你有未来的保证,可以面对任何的事。’”—Tim Keller
There are two ways to read the Bible. The one way to read the Bible is that it’s basically about you: what you have to do in order to be right with God, in which case you’ll never have a sure and certain hope, because you’ll always know you’re not quite living up. You’ll never be sure about that future. Or you can read it as all about Jesus. Every single thing is not about what you must do in order to make yourself right with God, but what he has done to make you absolutely right with God. And Jesus Christ is saying, “Unless you can read the Bible right, unless you can understand salvation by grace, you’ll never have a sure and certain hope. But once you understand it’s all about me, Jesus Christ, then you can know that you have peace. You can know that you have this future guaranteed, and you can face anything.” - Tim Keller


For Further StudyMust I Learn How To Interpret The Bible? by D.A. Carson (已译,见我必须学习如何解经吗?
God-Centered Biblical Interpretation by Vern Sheridan Poythress (希望有人可以翻译出版)
Hermeneutics and Biblical Authority by J.I. Packer (待译)
Jesus Christ: The Interpretive Key to the Scripture by John Hendryx (待译)
The Reformers’ Hermeneutic: Grammatical, Historical, and Christ-Centered by Nathan Pitchford (已译,见:改教家的释经原则:以基督为中心

按:另参
以经解经(Horton)
一字之差:“唯独”圣经与“唯奉”圣经
认识神的计划 6. 圣经是神─人的话
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