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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答11:整本圣经都和基督有关?  

2010-10-17 03:10:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【神学问答】

11. 是不是整本圣经都是关于基督的?还是只有新约?


Is the whole bible about Christ, or just the New Testament?
诚之译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/wholebible.html

根据新约,还有基督自己,全本的旧约圣经的每一部分都在教导基督;因此,主耶稣斥责法利赛人,他们没有能在旧约中看见基督(约5:39-40);祂称自己的门徒为无知的人,信得太迟钝,没有能从圣经的前面几本摩西的书,直到最后的几本先知书,看到旧约是教导基督的受难和得胜升天,进入荣耀(24:25-27)。然后,祂打开他们的心,让他们明白律法、诗篇和先知书(这是整本旧约圣经的缩写)都是在教导祂的受苦,死亡,复活,以及福音因此要传到万国(路24:44-48)。
According to the New Testament, and to Christ himself, the entire corpus of Old Testament scriptures teach of Christ in every part; thus, Jesus rebukes the Pharisees for failing to see him in the Old Testament (John 5:39-40); he calls his own disciples fools and slow of heart not to see how, from the first books of Moses to the last of the prophets, the Old Testament taught of Christ's passion and victorious ascension (Luke 24:25-27); and then, he opens their hearts to understand that everything in the Law, Psalms, and Prophets (shorthand for the entire Old Testament scriptures) taught of his suffering, death, resurrection, and the resultant spread of the gospel to all the nations (Luke 24:44-48).

这些基督所宣讲的真理,在表面上都不是很明显,但是,在祂降世,应验了所有写在經上的话后,经文如何事先预示祂的一生,和祂的职事,就被揭露开来,可以供我们查验,让我们理解。这就是事实的真相,旧约经文包含了隐藏的真理,只有在基督降临之后才能为人理解,甚至连写下这些经文的先知也要到这时候才会明白。因此,彼得告诉我们,他们知道他们所传讲的事(他们在传的是“福音”),主要是为我们这些会在基督的职事之后的人所写的,而这些关于基督受难和之后得荣耀的事,会透过他们的著作启示给我们,且是他们只能感到惊奇的(彼前1:10-12)。保罗在罗马书16:25-27做了一个非常好的总结,祂教导说他的福音,即宣讲基督,是万古隐藏不言的奥秘,但是现在被显明出来了——藉著旧约的经文!换句话说,基督的信息已经存在旧约之中,但是是隐藏的,直到基督降临,藉著祂在地上以及之后的职事,使预表和影子显明出来。
Many of these truths that Christ proclaimed were not apparent on the surface, but, after he had come and fulfilled everything written, then the way in which the scriptures had foreshadowed his life and ministry ahead of time was brought to light, and could be examined and understood. That this was in fact the case, and that the Old Testament scriptures contained hidden truths which could not be fully understood until the coming of Christ, was recognized even by the very prophets who wrote those scriptures; thus, Peter tells us that they knew they were speaking of things that were primarily for us who would live after the ministry of Christ, and that things concerning the passion and the following glories of Christ would be revealed to us, through their writings, that they could only wonder about (1 Peter 1:10-12). Paul sums this all up very well in Romans 16:25-27, where he teaches that his gospel, i.e., the proclamation of Christ, was hidden in previous ages, but was now being revealed – through the Old Testament scriptures! In other words, the message of Christ was in the Old Testament, but it was hidden until Christ came and brought the types and shadows to light, through his ministry on earth and afterward.
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