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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答9:什么是文法历史释经法?  

2010-10-17 03:07:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【神学问答】

9. “文法历史释经法”是什么意思,它为什么很重要?


What does the term “grammatical-historical hermeneutic” mean, and why is it important?
诚之译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/grammatical.html

主后1515年,马丁路德拒绝占据中世纪主流的四重释经法的阐释。这种释经法导致了十分牵强的对圣经的寓意解释,把圣经的诠释完全交在专家的手里,只有他们有能力猜出圣经经文真正要说的一些奥秘的事。这最终引发了伟大的新教宗教改革,也因此,这个宗教改革,最基本的可以说是一场由释经学所激发的斗争。为了取代寓意解经,路德提出了一个他称之为“文法-历史”的释经法。
In 1515 AD, Martin Luther rejected the elaborate four-fold hermeneutic that had been predominant throughout the Medieval centuries, and which led to some very far-fetched allegorizing of the bible, leaving scriptural interpretation in the hands of the experts, who alone were capable of figuring out the secret things that bible passages really meant. This would eventually lead to the great Protestant Reformation, which is therefore, most fundamentally, a hermeneutically-driven struggle. In place of this allegorical hermeneutic, Luther proposed what he termed a “grammatical-historical” hermeneutic.

根据路德的新释经法(实际上只是恢复了早期教会教父的释经法,即每一段圣经经文,具有一个最基本的意义。这个意义乃是深深扎根于历史的事实,也和人类语言的一般原则是精确相关的。因此,所谓的“历史”,就是指它和真正的、互相关联的历史事件有关,而这些事件在圣经各样教导可以被人理解或得出应用之前,必须先受到承认且被人理解;“文法”的意思是,使用一般人使用语言的方式。这个“文法历史”释经法非常重要,因为它把圣经的真理和真正的、历史的事件结合在一起,这些历史事件仍然对我们的生活有着真正的影响;它也给我们一种方法,使我们能带着自信,根据已经确立的人类语言规则,来研读圣经。
According to Luther's new hermeneutic, which was actually just the recovered hermeneutic of the earliest Church Fathers, each bible passage had one basic meaning, which was firmly rooted in historical truth, and related accurately according to the common principles of human language. Thus, it was “historical,” relating real, interconnected historical events, that must be acknowledged and understood before the various teachings of the bible could make sense or have application; and “grammatical,” using language the way any normal person would. This grammatical-historical hermeneutic is absolutely vital, for it tethers the truth of the scriptures to real, historical events, that have a real impact on our life; and it gives us a way to study the scriptures with confidence, according to well-established dictates of human language.
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