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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答14:“更完整的意义”是什么意思?  

2010-10-17 08:42:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【神学问答】

14. “更完整的意义”(sensus plenior)是什么意思?


What does the term “sensus plenior” mean?
诚之译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/plenior.html

“Sensus plenior”是个拉丁词,它字面的意义是“更完整的意义”,或“更深的意义”(终极的意义,full sense)。这个词是用来指一些圣经经节,在最表层是说到一个人或一个事件,但背后还隐藏着一层更深的意义。要透过这个事件显明出来。换句话说,“更完整的意义”这个词是承认旧约中的一些历史人物和事件,事实上只是“预表”,这些经文所涉及到的人物或事件,不只是说到他们自己而已,而是说到“预表的实体”(antitypes)——即预表所应验的;而预表的实体就是预表所要预示的(foreshadow)。
“Sensus plenior” is a Latin term which means, literally, “fuller sense,” or “deeper meaning”. The term “sensus plenior” is used to refer to those passages which, at their most obvious level speak of one person or event, but which also have a deeper meaning hinted at through that specific event in question. In other words, “sensus plenior” is the term which acknowledges that some historical persons and events in the Old Testament are really “types,” and that the passages treating of those persons and events speak not just of themselves alone, but also of the “antitypes” (i.e., the fulfillments of the types) which they foreshadow.

必须要运用此原则的一个绝佳例子,是摩西在旷野击打磐石,让水流出,以滋养百姓。这段经文牵涉到一个实实在在的历史事件,而它最基本的意义只是指一块石头,流出真正的水来;但这个事件也是一个预表,说明基督——我们救恩的磐石——被神公义的仗所击打,因此从祂受伤的身体,流出我们所需的赦罪与属灵的生命。换句话说,在这个事件中,有一个“更完整的意义”,或更深的意义,而不只是实在发生的历史事件而已。在哥林多前书10:4,保罗给我们一个明确的教导,要我们在这段经文中看到一个“更完整的意义”;而在稍后的经文中,他说到所有记录在旧约的事物,写下来的目的都是作为“鉴戒”(typos;按,英文作example;与罗马书5:14“预像”是同一个字,可譯為“预表”)。,来教导我们(林前10:11)。因此,这使我们必须要在所有的经文中,看到一个“更完整的意义”来。
A good example of a case in which the principle of “sensus plenior” must be applied is Moses' striking the rock in the wilderness, so that water flowed out to nourish the people. This passage relates a very real historical event, and its most basic level of meaning refers simply to a physical rock that flowed with physical water; but this event was also a type of how Christ, the Rock of our Salvation, was struck with the rod of divine justice, and henceforth there flowed from his wounded body the forgiveness and spiritual life that we need. In other words, there is a “sensus plenior,” or deeper meaning to this event than just the real, historical occurrence. In 1 Corinthians 10:4, Paul gives express instruction for us to see a “sensus plenior” in this passage; and a little later, he says that all the things recorded in the Old Testament were written as “types” for our instruction (1 Cor. 10:11), thus giving us warrant to see a “sensus plenior” in all the scriptures.
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