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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答33:圣约神学是替代神学吗?  

2010-10-09 07:20:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【神学问答】

33.圣约神学是替代神学吗?
Is Covenant Theology the same as Replacement Theology?



诚之译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/replacement.html

今天不难听到一些论证说圣约神学是反犹太人的,因为它教导新约教会取代了神在旧约的子民,即以色列民族。这些批评圣约神学的人用了“替代神学”这个轻蔑的词,来描述他们所相信的圣约神学的教导。
It is not uncommon today to hear the argument advanced that Covenant Theology is anti-semitic, because it teaches that the New Testament Church replaces God's Old Testament people, ethnic Israel. Some of these critics of Covenant Theology use the pejorative term “Replacement Theology” to describe what they believe Covenant Theology teaches.

然而,这个词错误且不当地代表了圣约神学:虽然圣约神学强调神的子民在整个救赎历史中的合一,并否认教会是一群独特的神的子民,是与神其余的子民(即种族意义上的以色列)同时并存的(如同圣经教导的,见问题解答19-22);然而,它肯定不会教导教会“取代”了以色列。刚刚好相反的,它教导的是教会从神开始与亚当立了恩典之约后,就存在了,而是让教会中旧约时代是由以色列国中信靠神的余民所组成的,神的设计(计划)总是要将它扩展,并把世上万国带到祂的羊圈之内,正如他对亚伯拉罕的应许(创12:3;加3:7-9)。今天,神已经完成了这个工作,也因此,祂的教会是由犹太国中相信的余民所组成的(一如以往),也是由外邦人中相信的余民所组成的——他们被嫁接到这个身体,成为这个身体的一部分。因此,以色列不是被取代了,而是被扩大了,使它可以涵括地上万国中靠信心成为亚伯拉罕的子孙的人。
However, this term is an inaccurate and unfair representation of Covenant Theology: while it is true that Covenant Theology emphasizes the unity of God's people throughout redemptive history, and denies that the Church is a distinct people of God that exists alongside his other people, ethnic Israel (as does the bible, see questions 19-22 above); yet it most certainly does not teach that the Church “replaces” Israel. Quite to the contrary, it teaches that the Church has been in existence ever since God first established his Covenant of Grace with Adam, and that, while the Church was composed of the believing remnant of national Israel during the Old Testament era, God's design was always to expand it and bring all the nations into its fold, just as he promised Abraham (Gen. 12:3; Gal. 3:7-9). Today he has done that, and so now, his Church is composed both of the believing remnant of the Jewish nation, as it always has been, and also of a believing remnant of the Gentiles, who have been grafted in and made a part of the same body. So Israel has not been replaced, it has just been expanded to include Abraham's children by faith from every nation on earth.

很不幸地,过去有些基督徒神学家是反犹主义者,包括在圣约神学的圣经结构被定型以前和以后;但是反犹主义不是圣约神学的内涵。正确理解圣约神学的人就会明白,它主张的是要接纳以色列国中相信的余民,使他们成为神的教会中必要的一部分(见罗11章)。
Sadly, some Christian theologians of the past have in fact been anti-semitic, both before and after the crystallization of the biblical framework of Covenant Theology; but anti-semitism is not at all intrinsic to Covenant Theology which, when properly understood, demands an ongoing acceptance of the believing remnant of the Jewish nation as a necessary part of God's Church (see Romans 11).

相关的内容(待翻译):http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/FAQs.html
18. What is Dispensationalism?
19. Is Dispensationalism biblical?
20. Does the bible teach a pre-tribulational rapture?
21. Does the bible teach that in the end times there will be a restored Jewish state and a restored temple?
22. Does the bible teach that there are two peoples of God, Israel and the Church?
23. What is Amillennialism?
24. What is Postmillennialism?
25. What is Premillennialism?
26. Is Premillennialism always dispensational?
27. Does the bible clearly teach pre-, a-, or postmillennialism?
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