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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答17:什么是福音?  

2011-02-23 22:50:00|  分类: 好消息! |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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17. 什么是福音?


What is the Gospel?
Frank Lee 译/诚之校对
原文出自:http://www.monergism.com/whatisgospel.html
获授权翻译

福音不是人捏造出来的看法,或极有见识的意见,而是全能神直接启示的好消息,述说神在耶稣基督里所成就的事,以拯救一切求告祂名的人。福音是述说耶稣基督——永生神的儿子,公义的代表——为我们的罪而死,又为我们得以称义而复活,并永远地胜过祂所有的敌人,使相信祂的人不致于被定罪。福音是宣告祂所做的一切,而不是我们该做什么。这是神的救赎,完全的拯救……不是建议,不是一套修身养性的课程,也不是一套人生哲学,因为我们需要的是从神而来的怜悯,不单单只是帮助而已。

一间旧房屋的骨架如果已经破烂而腐朽,就必须全部换新。我们的堕落和心中的罪,让我们不愿、也无力抬起一根手指头来拯救自己。所以你们这些贫穷和悲伤的人(灵里贫穷和对自己的努力失去自信的人)……不要再绝望,也不要再悲伤,因为那至高者已经赐给我们祂永生的儿子,弥赛亚耶稣基督,好将祂的子民从罪中拯救出来。

福音和我拥有的任何美德无关,唯独是基于耶稣的美德。不是我们为耶稣做了什么,而是耶稣借着祂无罪的一生,牺牲的死,和荣耀的复活为我们所做的(罗5:19 ,林后书5:21,腓2:8)。在亚当失败的地方,耶稣却胜利了。这是神对我们的应许, 而不是我们有能力持守对祂的承诺。在和挪亚所立的彩虹之约中,神说祂会“记得”永远不会用洪水,再次毁灭世界,这就和基督用血所立的约一样,神“记得”不会因为我们的罪,给我们应得的待遇。神的奥秘已经透过祂儿子耶稣的位格,以及祂在世上所做的工作彰显出来。神在祂的怒气中,接受了基督的献祭,使被掳的得释放,瞎眼的得看见,斩断所有罪的锁链,然后把我们的石心变成肉心。我们原先都被捆绑,按照撒但的旨意行事;无法脱逃,直到基督给了我们自由。 换句话说, 基督在十字架上的工作,为我们做了我们自己无法完成的事。祂活出完美的生命(本是我们应当要活出来的),为我们而死(本是我们应当承受的死亡),是为了重新给我们自由,好称颂祂的名,传扬祂的福音,并且把公义和怜悯带给那些需要的人。

Tim Keller 博士曾经说过,“……福音是神已经为你所成就的事的消息,而不是你应该为神做什么的指示或建议。祂的工作——而不是我们的工——居于首位,是基督信仰的要素。在其他的宗教里, 他们的神向人启示如何才能找到或得到救赎。在基督教里,神为我们完成救赎。福音主要是带给我们这些信息,而不是命令。”

……福音之所以具有公众的特性,是因为它是历史的事件。

“它把基督教信仰视为对所有人都有意义的讯息——的确是给整个世界的,而不是单单少数人的了解或见解。 ” [Brownson, p.46]

……如果耶稣没有从死里复活,基督教就不会“有用”。

福音就是耶稣为我们死、为我们复活。 如果没有祂活在世上的历史事迹,那基督教就没有“用处”,因为好消息是神已经把未来世界的生命,带进人类的“现今”(历史)。

……福音是关于神为了拯救我们,在历史中所成就的事的消息,而不是我们必须做些什么,以接近神的建议。福音是关于历史中耶稣的生,死,和复活所带来的救赎的消息……耶稣不只是带来好消息而已, 祂本身就是那好消息。”

耶稣是主,也是创造者——所有被造物唯一合法的君王……是一切可见或不见之事的王。对那些敬拜自己心中偶像(任何取代神的东西) 的,你们要小心……耶稣很快就会带着祂的天军而来,用祂口中所吐的气,击败祂的敌人和一切的不义。 但是在祂来之前,祂给那些愿意接受祂的人一个悔改的机会(约翰福音1:12, 13)。祂再来之前,那些愿意与祂联结的人,会被当成祂的朋友,然后神会使他们升高,与基督一同成为祂的儿女,一同承受产业。另一个选择就是留在神的忿怒之下。我们预先作出这个宣告:真正的王已经坐在宝座上,祂有一天要再来。福音不只是一个单纯的邀请,而是对那些偏行己路的人的命令。你会听从这个命令吗?“耶稣是主,要悔改相信。”但是因为罪带来的盲目,耶稣说,除非父神允许圣灵重生的工作,没有人会相信祂(约6:63-65)。 所以,那些靠着神的恩典,相信耶稣和祂所做一切的人,可以得到保证,就是按着圣经中的见证,他们的罪已得赦免,也有神的承诺:永生。

总结:
人被造是为了要永远荣耀神并享受祂
“我们的主,我们的神,你是配得荣耀、尊贵、权柄的;因为你创造了万物,幷且万物是因你的旨意被创造而有的。(启4:11)“所以,你们或吃或喝,无论做什么,都要为荣耀神而行。”(林前10:31)

人未能荣耀神,并在祂公正的定罪之下
因为世人都犯了罪……(罗3:23)。“罪的工价乃是死……(罗6:23)。”他们要受刑罚,就是永远沉沦“(帖后1:9)

耶稣全然担当神的忿怒和所有罪人应受的责罚
神不愿罪人永远灭亡,决定在祂永生的儿子里,为祂自己拯救一群子民。神的儿子成为人,活出我们应该活出的生命,并为我们所当受的刑罚而死。神爱罪人,并差遣祂的儿子,为世人的罪献祭,平息父神的震怒(约壹4:10;约6:37)。祂“舍命作多人的赎价”(可10:45),并“替他们死而复活”(林后5:15)。

靠着神的恩典,所有以顺服的信心回转归向神的人,就蒙赦免
如果你承认你是个罪人,需要基督,那么,神就已经在你内心展开改变生命的工作,使你与祂永远和好。“悔改,相信福音”(可1:5),“在你面前有满足的喜乐”(诗16:11)。如果你唯独信靠耶稣作你的拯救(也就是说,除了基督的怜悯,你毫无盼望),那么,你就有把握,你的罪已经得到赦免,祂也已经赐与你永生。

附原文:
What is the Gospel?

The gospel is not something man made up or a well-informed opinion, but is good news directly revealed from Almighty God regarding what He has done in Jesus Christ to rescue all those who have called on His name. The Gospel is the news that Jesus Christ, the Eternal Son of God, the Righteous One, died for our sins and rose again for our justification, eternally triumphing over all his enemies, so that there is now no condemnation for those who believe. It is a declaration about what He has done, not what what we are to do. It is a divine rescue, a complete deliverance ... not advice, not a moral improvement program, nor a philosophy of life, since what we need is sovereign mercy, not assistance.
The whole frame of the house is rotten and corrupt and nothing of the old frame will serve; all must be made new. Our fallen condition and darkened heart has rendered us unwilling, powerless and impotent to even lift a finger toward our own salvation. So all you poor and broken hearted, (the spiritual bankrupt who have lost all confidence in their own efforts) ... abandon despair and banish your laments because of what the Highest has done this day in sending the Eternal Son, Jesus Christ the Messiah to deliver His people from their sins.
The gospel is not about any merit I have, but is based upon Jesus' merit alone. It is not what we have done for Jesus, but what Jesus has done for us (Rom 5:19, 2 Cor 5:21, Phil 2:8) in his sinless life, sacrificial death and triumphant resurrection. . Where Adam failed, Jesus prevailed. It is God's promise to us, not our ability to keep our promise to Him. In the covenant rainbow sign with Noah, God says He "remembers" never to flood the world this way again, so likewise in the covenant in Christ's blood, God "remembers" not to treat us as we justly deserve for our sins. The mystery of God has been made manifest in the Person and work of the Son, who, in his wrath absorbing sacrifice, frees the prisoners, gives sight to the blind, breaks loose the chains and changes hearts of stone into hearts of flesh. We were once taken captive to do Satan's will and could not escape until Christ set us free. In other words, Christ, in His cross work, does for us what we cannot do for ourselves. He lived the perfect life that we should have lived and died the death we should have died, in order to free us so that we might then proclaim His excellencies, make known his gospel and spread justice and mercy to the poor.
Dr. Tim Keller once said "...the gospel is news about what God has already been done for you, rather than instruction and advice about what you are to do for God. The primacy of his work, not our work, is part of the essence of faith. In other religions, God reveals to us how we can find or achieve salvation. In Christianity, God achieves salvation for us. The gospel brings news primarily, rather than instruction. " ...the gospel is all about historic events, and thus it has a public character. "It identifies Christian faith as news that has significance for all people, indeed for the whole world, not merely as esoteric understanding or insight." [Brownson, p. 46] ...if Jesus is not risen from the dead, Christianity does not "work". The gospel is that Jesus died and rose for us. If the historic events of his life did not happen, then Christianity does not "work" for the good news is that God has entered the human "now" (history) with the life of the world to come....the gospel is news about what God has done in history to save us, rather than advice about what we must do to reach God. The gospel is news that Jesus' life, death, and resurrection in history has achieved our salvation...Jesus does not just bring good news; he is the good news."
Jesus is Lord and creator - the only rightful king of all creation ... king of of all things both seen and unseen. To those who worship the false idols of their hearts (any God-replacement) take heed ... Jesus will soon be invading with His armies and will overthrow his ememies and all injustice with the breath of His mouth. But He is offering pardon in advance of His invasion to all those who receive Him (John 1:12, 13). Those who have joined themselves to Him now before He invades will be considered His ally and He will raise them up to be co-heirs with Christ as sons. The alternative is to be under the wrath of the king. We herald this announcement: that the True King is on the throne and he'll be invading. The gospel is not merely an invitation it is a command to all those going their own ways. Will you heed the command? Jesus is Lord, repent and believe." But because of the blindness sin has cast over us, Jesus says, no one can believe in Him unless the Father grants it through the regenerating work of the Holy Spirit (John 6:63-65). So those who, by the grace of God, trust in Jesus and His work can be assurred, on the sure testimony of Scripture, that their sins are forgiven and have the promise of God: eternal life.

To Summarize:
Man was created to glorify God & Enjoy Him forever
"Worthy are you, our Lord and our God to receive glory and honor and power, for You created all things." (Rev 4:11) "Do all to the glory of God" (1 Cor 10:31)
Man has failed to glorify God & is under His just condemnation
"For all have sinned..." (Rom 3:23) The wages of sin is death (Rom 6:23) "These will pay the penalty of eternal destruction" (2 Thes 1:9)
Jesus fully bore the wrath and suffered the punishment sinners deserve
Not wishing that sinners perish forever, God determined to save a people for Himself in the Eternal Son who became a man and lived the life we should have lived and died the death we justly deserve. God loves sinners and sent His Son to be the wrath absorbing sacrifice for their sin (1 John 4:10; John 6:37) he "...gave His life as a ransom for many" (Mk 10:45) & "rose again" from the dead (2 Cor 5:15) on their behalf.
All who, by the grace of God, turn to Jesus in submissive faith are forgiven
If you confess you are a sinner in need of Christ then God has begun to work in you a life-changing, eternally satisfying relationship with Himself! "Repent and believe the gospel (Mk 1:5) "In Your presnece is fullness of Joy (Ps 16:11). If your trust is in Jesus alone for your salvation (that is, you have no hope save for Christ's mercy) then you can be assured that your sins are forgiven and He has granted you eternal life.
For Further Study
The Gospel is Historical by Tim Keller
The Gospel Of Jesus Christ by D.A. Carson - 1 Corinthians 15:1-19 (.pdf)
Difficult Questions, Certain Answers (.pdf) by Nathan Pitchford - A redemptive historical gospel tract
Is there More Than One Way to God? by John Hendryx
Thoughts and ideas on sharing the gospel from a Reformed perspective by John Hendryx
The Gospel: Offer or Command? by John Hendryx
Paul's Definition of a Christian by John Hendryx
The Sum of Saving Knowledge Westminster Assembly Supplemental Document - A Brief Sum of Christian Doctrine, Contained in the Holy Scriptures, and Holden Forth in the Foresaid Confession of Faith and Catechisms; Together with the Practical Use Thereof
All of Grace by C.H. Spurgeon
The Everlasting Righteousness by Horatius Bonar
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