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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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当圣经神学付诸实践时  

2011-03-03 14:10:00|  分类: 圣经神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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当圣经神学付诸实践时


作者:彼得.萧(澳大利亚悉尼圣公会Ashbury马太堂牧师)
译者:星余(悉尼华人教会传道人)(感谢译者惠寄本站发布)

“假如你可以从圣经中选一本书讲一个系列,你会选哪一本?”

当我把这个问题丢给十六位肯尼亚的传道人的时候,十四位的回答是旧约书卷,其中六位选的是哈该书!很明显,我的下一个问题是:“为什么?”来自哈该“粉丝”的一致的答案,就是他们也跟哈该一样正在服事的地方建造教堂,因此从哈该得到很多启发。

另外八位旧约的爱好者则解释说他们所选的书卷给他们提供了极强的道德模范和激动人心的故事,这正是肯尼亚的教会极其需要的,因为整个肯尼亚社会都在腐败、贫困和艾滋病的蔓延中挣扎。

我在肯尼亚的首都奈罗比所教的课程是圣经神学。课程的宗旨,是要帮助学徒明白整本圣经是如何构成一个有机的整体,明白神如何用恩典的作为扭转人类犯罪的结果,并建造新天新地。而上帝所有作为的核心和总结,就是耶稣基督。

圣经神学的其中一个结论,就是我们必须把圣经当作一个不断推进,彼此联系的整体,而不是一连串互不相干的故事和人物。最终来说,我们需要透过耶稣的“镜头”阅读圣经,看到神的计划如何由他来实现,并看到他所成就的工作如何影响我们对所读经文的认识。

我的肯尼亚传道人朋友们从未听说过圣经神学的名字和概念。当我们说到圣经的推进和联系时,起初完全得不到共鸣。但当他们开始明白神的永恒计划之后,他们就很快兴奋起来。他们看见了神的工作并不只是透过孤立的个人和历史事件,而是从起初就不断地向着一个目标而行动,这目标就是圣子基督所带来的新的创造。他们的兴奋还有一个原因,就是这个理解彻底改变了他们读经和默想圣经的方式。圣经,尤其是旧约,所充满的,不再是孤立的道德模范或能鞭策我们投入建设的励志故事,而是充满了耶稣基督。

在两周的授课过程中,每天都有“恍然大悟”的时刻。学生们第一次经历到那一段段的经文,不只是一小段的鼓励加上一大段的间隔,而是神在朝向基督拯救人类的计划而行动。

课程的最后一天,我又一次请同学们说出他们最心爱的书卷。旧约族和哈该族的数目并没有改变,但这一次他们的理由却完全不同了。

这一次他们热爱旧约(包括哈该)的原因,是因为这些书卷指向耶稣基督和那新的创造。他们解释说当他们传讲旧约圣经时,他们的应用将不再是直接进入建筑工程或社会改革,而是会指向在基督里的盼望和信心;他们会引导会众赞美那一位在历史中拯救他百姓的神,并将最终的荣耀归给那位借着自己的死和复活成就一切的神的儿子。

文章来自Briefing杂志2004年7月刊,总第310期,获原出版社 Matthias Media授权翻译刊登。Briefing是一份内容丰富并特别强调圣经神学的福音派杂志,网页为:www.thebriefing.com.au

When the biblical theology rubber hits the road
A U T H O R | P E T E R S H O L L
24
Notes
Briefing, J U LY 2 0 0 4 | I S S U E 3 1 0

If you could preach a series on any book in the Bible, which book would you choose?
Iput this question to my class of 16 Kenyan pastors as part of a ‘get to know you’ exercise at the beginning of two-week course in Nairobi last year. My guess is that if I asked the same question of a group of Australian preachers, the majority of us would answer with a book from the New Testament. Not that we don’t value the Old Testament or treat it as Scripture, but for one reason or another, we are more comfortable preaching from the pages of the gospels or epistles.
Not so in Kenya. Of the 16 pastors, 14 said they would choose a book from the Old Testament, including six who said they would preach on Haggai! The obvious follow up question was, “Why did you choose this book?” I started with the Haggai fans. They all said they loved Haggai because, like Haggai, they too were trying to build church buildings in the areas where they were working, and Haggai was such an inspiration to them.
The other eight Old Testament fans went on to describe how their book of choice provided the strong moral examples and inspiring stories which the church in Kenya needed so badly as it struggled with issues of widespread corruption, poverty and mass HIV infection.
The course I was teaching was on the basics of biblical theology, aiming to help the participants think about the way in which the whole Bible fits together and is about God’s gracious actions to reverse the effects of human sin and establish a new creation. Of critical importance is how these divine actions climax in the ministry of Jesus Christ.
One of the major implications of biblical theology is that we need to read the Bible as a progressing, connected whole, rather than a series of disjointed or unrelated stories and characters. Ultimately, it means that we need to read the Bible through the ‘lens’ of Jesus, seeing how the fulfilment he brings affects the text we are reading.
The pastors in my Kenyan class had never heard of biblical theology, in name or in concept. When we talked about the idea of the Bible being a connected progression, the initial response was blank. This was quickly followed by excitement as they began to understand that God was not just active in individual moments and places throughout history, but that he was working constantly towards a goal: a new creation established by his son. They were also excited because this understanding brings about an enormous change in the way you read and think about the Bible. No longer is the Bible, especially the Old Testament, full of isolated good moral examples or inspirational stories for us to encourage our building projects with. It is full of Jesus.
During the two weeks in which I ran the biblical theology course, there were daily examples of ‘light bulb moments’ for students. For the first time, as they read a Bible passage, they saw it not as a brief encouragement or interlude, but as God working towards the salvation of mankind through his Son.
On the last day of the course I again asked my class to name their favourite book. The number of Old Testament fans and the number of Haggai fans remained unchanged. But this time their reason was completely different.
They now love the Old Testament (including Haggai) because of how these books point to Jesus and the new creation. They explained that, as they preached from the Old Testament, their application would no longer head down the track of building works or instant social reformation. Instead it would promote hope and trust in Jesus, and praise for what God has done through the ages to save his people, climaxing in the death and resurrection of his son.
Peter Sholl is the pastor at St Matthew’s Anglican, Ashbury in Sydney.
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