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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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路德与慈运理在马尔堡(一):何必小题大作?  

2011-05-29 21:35:00|  分类: 教会议题 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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路德与慈运理在马尔堡(一):何必小题大作?
Luther vs. Zwingli at Marburg: Why the Fuss?


作者:Trevin Wax 译者:诚之
原文链接:http://trevinwax.com/2008/02/10/luther-vs-zwingli-at-marburg-why-the-fuss/
(感谢作者授权)

1529年的马尔堡会谈(Marburg Colloquy)是宗教改革时期的枢纽事件。
The Marburg Colloquy of 1529 was a pivotal event of the Reformation era.

马丁路德和慈运理(Ulrich Zwingli)在圣餐(Eucharist)这件事上未能达成共识带来的后果,造成政治与信仰的分裂,其后果影响至今,已将近500年。
The political and religious consequences of Martin Luther and Ulrich Zwingli’s failure to come to agreement on the Eucharist set the course for a political and religious split with reverberations that have lasted almost 500 years.

从今天来看马尔堡的神学讨论,我们很容易会带着一种后启蒙运动的傲慢,会认为路德和慈运理为这些教义争论,实在是心胸狭隘,非常肤浅。但是改教家们不是为辩论而辩论,在争论一些鸡毛蒜皮的神学问题。当然,改教家的个性,种族背景和堕落的人性本质,在辩论中扮演着一定的角色,但是这个问题(对他们来说)在政治和信仰上的风险实在太大,不能随便抬杠就让它过去。
Today’s observer of the theological discussions at Marburg may too easily embrace a post-Enlightenment arrogance that assumes the doctrinal disputes of Luther and Zwingli to be petty and superfluous. But the Reformers did not engage in polemics and debate over minor theological intricacies. Certainly the personalities, ethnicities, and fallen nature of the Reformers played a part in the discussions, but the political and religious stakes were too high to disagree for disagreement’s sake.

路德和慈运理至少在一件事情上有坚定的共识,即一个人对主的晚餐(Lord’s Supper)的神学观念不是件小事,或次要的事;它对于正确理解整个基督教信仰是至关紧要的。主的晚餐的争论在路德和慈运理的神学上具有重要的地位,是因为在争论中出现了基督论的问题。
Luther and Zwingli firmly agreed on at least one thing: one’s theology of the Lord’s Supper was not minor or secondary, but essential to correctly understanding the entire Christian faith. The debate over the Lord’s Supper occupied a primary place in both Luther and Zwingli’s theologies because of the questions of Christology that arose in the midst of conflict.

在接下来的几天当中,我会介绍路德和慈运理对基督人性的不同看法,如何成为他们在圣餐问题上分裂的主要原因。
Over the next few days, I’d like to show how Luther and Zwingli’s differing views on Christ’s humanity were the primary cause of their division on the Eucharist.

我们会先看他们各自在圣餐问题上的神学,然后我们会看改教家对基督人性的看法,以及他们在“肉体”与“属灵”上的争论。我希望这个关于主的晚餐的讨论能丰富您的历史知识。不要转台喔!
We will start by looking at each Reformer’s Eucharistic theology in particular, and then we will turn to the Reformers’ views of Christ’s humanity and their debate over “flesh” and “spirit.” Hope you stay tuned for what I hope will be a historically informative discussion on the Lord’s Supper.

(未完,待续
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