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路德与慈运理(七):马尔堡的结论  

2011-06-21 07:24:00|  分类: 教会议题 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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路德与慈运理(七):马尔堡的结论
Luther vs. Zwingli 7: Marburg's Conclusion


作者:Trevin Wax 译者:诚之
原文链接:http://trevinwax.com/2008/02/16/luther-vs-zwingli-7-marburgs-conclusion/
(感谢作者授权翻译 )

续上篇

马尔堡辩论的口吻虽然很尖刻,但圣灵同在的记号仍然浮现在整个讨论中。
Despite the bitter tone of the debates at Marburg, signs of the Holy Spirit’s presence surfaced throughout the discussion.

在会谈的末了,路德和慈运理一起抱头痛哭,为尖刻的言语寻求赦免。他们维持各自坚定的信念,并鼓励对方寻求神的光照。路德说出非常著名的话:“你的灵和我的灵走不到一起。的确,很显然地,我们拥有的不是同一灵。”
By the end of the Colloquy, Luther and Zwingli wept together and asked forgiveness for bitter words. Both remained firm in their convictions and encouraged the other to ask for God’s enlightenment. Luther uttered the famous line, “Your spirit and our spirit cannot go together. Indeed, it is quite obvious that we do not have the same spirit.”

很不幸地,路德和慈运理认为在主的晚餐上的歧义,排除了他们在政治和宗教上结盟的可能性。在15条信条中,二位改教家同意了14条。主的晚餐,即主所赐的圣礼,本来是要让兄弟姐妹在合一中来到主的桌前,却讽刺地成为路德宗和改革宗传统无法有更深团契的教义。
It is unfortunate that Luther and Zwingli saw their differences on the Lord’s Supper as excluding any possibility for political and religious alliance. The two Reformers agreed on 14 out of the 15 articles of faith. The Lord’s Supper, the sacrament given by our Lord to be the place for brothers and sisters to come to the table in unity, proved ironically to be the doctrine that has kept the Lutheran and Reformed traditions from greater fellowship.

1540年版的奥斯堡信条,路德的学生墨兰顿(Philip Melanchthon)在主的晚餐条文上用词的方式,是为了消弭路德宗和改革宗传统的差异。
In the 1540 version of the Augsburg confession, Luther’s disciple Philip Melanchthon worded the article on the Lord’s Supper in such a way as to mute the differences between the Lutheran and Reformed traditions.

今天,宗教改革传统的许多敌意已如烟消云散。路德宗,改革宗和浸信会都重新确认他们对宗教改革时期对福音的理解的委身,虽然在教会治理,洗礼和主的晚餐等议题上维持他们之间的区别。
Today, much of the animosity between the Reformation traditions has passed. Evangelical Lutheran, Reformed, and Baptist groups have reaffirmed their commitments to the Reformation understanding of the gospel, even though maintaining distinctions on issues related to church polity, baptism, and the Lord’s Supper.

著名的广播节目,《白马客栈》(The White Horse Inn),曾举办一次专题讨论,请来了四位牧师,分别来自路德宗,(欧陆)改革宗,长老会和浸信会。虽然他们在主的晚餐和其他议题上维持不同的看法,但是对听众来说,他们在宗教改革传统上有共同的立场是很明显的。
The popular radio program, The White Horse Inn, features a panel discussion between four ministers, one Lutheran, one Reformed, one Presbyterian, and one Baptist. Though they maintain distinct views on the Lord’s Supper and other issues, the common ground between each Reformation tradition is evident to listeners.

基督论的问题构成了路德和慈运理在主的晚餐上激烈辩论的基础。但是改教家相信他们关于主的晚餐信仰,其隐含的概念实在太重要了,因此无法妥协。他们对这些涵义有哪些也有一个夸大的看法。在一个社会的宗教信仰非常排外的时代,这两位改教家同意,合一的基础必须是所有教义都合乎真理,不只是在某些领域。
The question of Christology formed the basis for Luther and Zwingli’s fierce debate on the Lord’s Supper. Both the Reformers believed the implications of their beliefs about the Lord’s Supper to be too important for compromise. Both also had an exaggerated view of what those implications might be. In a day when the religious beliefs of society were exclusive, these two Reformers agreed that unity must be based on truth in all doctrine, not just in certain areas.

虽然慈运理和路德对“不重要的事”很宽容,但他们都不相信主的晚餐是细微末节。关于主的晚餐的辩论在路德和慈运理的神学中占据一个很重要的地位,因为这关乎岌岌可危的基督论议题以及他们个别学派思想的哲学基础
Though Zwingli and Luther were tolerant of matters “indifferent,” neither one believed the Lord’s Supper to be a minor issue of indifference. The debate over the Lord’s Supper occupied a primary place in both Luther and Zwingli’s theologies because of the Christological issues at stake and the philosophical underpinnings of their respective schools of thought.

也许今天我们在研究马尔堡会谈时,最好的回应是热切的祷告,盼望主的晚餐这个动作可以再次宣告基督的身体为我们在加略山而舍,而不是在祂的教会中有分裂的身体。
Perhaps the best response to studying the Marburg Colloquy today is praying fervently that the act of the Lord’s Supper would once again proclaim Christ’s body, broken for us on Calvary, instead of the broken body of Christ in his Church.

written by Trevin Wax. copyright ? 2008 Kingdom People Blog.

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