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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答21:圣经是否教导,在末时犹太人的地位会被恢复,圣殿也会重建?  

2011-07-21 10:21:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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21. 圣经是否教导,在末时犹太人的地位会被恢复,圣殿也会重建?


Does the bible teach that in the end times there will be a restored Jewish state and a restored temple?
诚之获授权翻译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/restoredtemple.html

在旧约中,圣经的确预言到神会恢复以色列,且一个更荣耀的圣殿会被重建(例如摩9:11-12;结40-48章)。此预言初步的应验是被掳归回,以及在尼希米与以斯拉领导下的圣殿重建;然而,这只是终极应验的预嚐或预付款。
In the Old Testament, the bible does indeed prophesy that Israel will be restored and a more glorious temple will be rebuilt (e.g. Amos 9:11-12; Ezekiel 40-48). The preliminary fulfillment of this prophecy came with the return from exile, and the rebuilding of the temple under Nehemiah and Ezra; however, this was just a taste, or down payment, of the ultimate fulfillment.

当耶稣来到世上,祂的道成肉身真正把神的同在带到世人面前,这正是会幕与圣殿的目的;因此,约翰说耶稣“住在我们中间”(约1:14,原文直译是:在我们当中“支搭会幕”)。如此,当祂洁净圣殿时,祂预言说圣殿会被拆毁,在三日内会得到重建;但是祂是在说祂的身体,那真正的圣殿(约2:13-22)。在终极的圣殿建立起来后,即耶稣复活后,由石头所建的预表性的耶路撒冷圣殿就没有必要的,所以耶稣预言发生在主后70年的圣殿被毁(太24:1-2)。今天,恢复圣殿的语言,以及恢复犹太民族的预言已经应验的,不是石头的圣殿,因为在基督身体的面前,那已经被拆毁了。基督的身体才是终极的神的圣殿,而基督属灵的身体,即教会,已经变成了“神的以色列”(见加6:16;另参考罗2:28-29;4:11-17;9:6-8;加3:6-9,26-29;4:21-31;弗2:11-22;3:6;腓3:3;彼前2:9-10;启2:9),而神今天已经使它成为一个圣洁的殿,建造在基督这块房角石上(见林前6:19-20;弗2:19-22;提前3:15;启3:12)。
When Jesus came to this earth, his incarnation truly brought the presence of God to the world of men, as the tabernacle and temple had been designed to do; and hence, John says that he “tabernacled” among us (John 1:14). Thus, when he purged the temple, he prophesied that the temple would be destroyed and rebuilt after three days; but he was speaking of his own body, which is the true temple (John 2:13-22). After this ultimate temple-rebuilding, which occurred in the resurrection of Jesus, there was no longer a need for the typological temple of stone in Jerusalem, so Jesus prophesied its destruction, which happened in 70 AD (Matthew 24:1-2). Today, the prophecy of the restored temple and the restored Jewish people is being fulfilled, not in a temple of stone, for that has been destroyed in the presence of the body of Christ, which is the ultimate Temple of God, but in the spiritual body of Christ, the Church, which has become the “Israel of God” (see Gal. 6:16; and also Romans 2:28-29; 4:11-17; 9:6-8; Galatians 3:6-9, 26-29; 4:21-31; Ephesians 2:11-22; 3:6; Phil. 3:3; 1 Pet. 2:9-10; Rev. 2:9), and which God is now making into a holy Temple, built upon Christ the Cornerstone (see 1 Cor 6:19-20; Eph. 2:19-22; 1 Tim. 3:15; Rev. 3:12).

关于会幕要得到恢复,最清楚和最具里程碑的旧约预言可以在阿摩司书9:11-12找到;而在使徒行传15:14-17,雅各清楚教导这段经文已经在福音传布给外邦人当中得到了应验;所以,总结起来,是对,圣经的确预言了犹太国家和圣殿的恢复,但是圣经也教导,这个预言在基督成为真正和最后的神的殿后,就已经应验了,接著就是神要在基督里把祂的百姓造成一座圣洁的殿,神要居住在其中,与他们同在,甚至在今日。
One of the clearest and most monumental Old Testament prophecies regarding the restoration of the tabernacle may be found in Amos 9:11-12; and in Acts 15:14-17, James clearly teaches that this passage is being fulfilled in the spreading of the gospel to the Gentiles; so in sum yes, the bible prophesies of a restored Jewish nation and temple, but then goes on to teach that this prophecy was fulfilled in Jesus' becoming the true and final Temple of God, and subsequently in his making his people a holy temple in the Lord, where God's presence might dwell among them, even today.
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