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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答22:圣经是否教导神有两群子民,以色列和教会?  

2011-07-22 01:07:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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22. 圣经是否教导神有两群子民,以色列和教会?


Does the bible teach that there are two peoples of God, Israel and the Church?
诚之获授权翻译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/twopeople.html

圣经不只没有教导神有两群不同的百姓,以色列和教会,也详尽地反对这个观念。其一,教会在旧约已经存在,远在五旬节圣灵降下(见徒7:28)之前;其二,新约清楚的教导是,现代的教会只是神的百姓以色列的扩张。根据保罗的说法,成为以色列人从来就不是只根据外在的种族(罗2:28-29;9:6-8);而是那些根据神的应许蒙召成为亚伯拉罕真正的子孙的人(罗9:8)。因此,所有有信心的人,都是亚伯拉罕的后裔,是真正的神的以色列(罗4:11-17;加3:6-9,26-29;4:21-31;6:16;腓3:3;彼前2:9-10;启2:9)。
Not only does the bible not teach that there are two distinct peoples of God, Israel and the Church, but it is very explicitly opposed to this idea. For one thing, the Church existed in the Old Testament, long before the outpouring of the Spirit on the Day of Pentecost (see Acts 7:38); and furthermore, the clear teaching of the New Testament is that the modern day Church is really just the expansion of God's people Israel. According to Paul, being an Israelite has never been based merely on outward ethnicity (Rom. 2:28-29; 9:6-8); but those who have been called according to God's promise are Abraham's true seed (Rom. 9:8). Hence, all who have faith are Abraham's children, and the true Israel of God (Rom. 4:11-17; Galatians 3:6-9, 26-29; 4:21-31; 6:16; Phil. 3:3; 1 Pet. 2:9-10; Rev. 2:9).

罗马书11章,当保罗全面地处理犹太人和外邦人作为神的子民这整个问题时,他说明只有一群子民,乃是由一棵好的橄榄树所象征;不信的犹太人会从这棵真以色列树上折下来,而相信的外邦人会被接上;但是这仍是一棵树,一个身体,一群神的子民。如此,保罗在其他地方教导,在基督里,犹太人和外邦人是没有分别的(加3:26-29;西3:11),所有的信徒都是同一个身体上的成员,以色列这个国家(the one commonwealth of Israel)的市民,要承受所有给亚伯拉罕的应许(弗2:11-22;3:6;加4:26-31;腓3:20;来12:22-23)。简言之,现在和一直以来,都只有一群神的子民,而这群子民包括了所有被接到神的“好橄榄树”的人,他们因着信成为亚伯拉罕的后裔,不分犹太人和外邦人。
When Paul deals extensively with the whole question of the place of Jews and Gentiles in the people of God, in Romans 11, he shows that there is just one people, symbolized by one good olive tree; unbelieving ethnic Jews may be broken off of that tree of true Israel and believing Gentiles may be grafted in; but there is still one tree, one body, one people of God. Thus, Paul teaches elsewhere that there is no difference between Jew and Gentile in Christ (Gal. 3:26-29; Col. 3:11), but that all believers are members of the same body, citizens of the one commonwealth of Israel, inheritors of all the promises made to Abraham (Eph. 2:11-22; 3:6; Gal. 4:26-31; Phil. 3:20; Heb. 12:22-23). In short, there is and always has been one people of God, and that people includes all those who are grafted in to God's “good olive tree” to become Abraham's children by faith, whether ethnic Jews or Gentiles.
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