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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答26:前千禧年论都是时代论吗?  

2011-07-24 02:00:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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26. 前千禧年论都是时代论吗?


Is Premillennialism always dispensational?
诚之获授权翻译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/premilldispy.html

虽然前千禧年论常常被看作是一种时代论理解启示录20章的方法,而很多前千禧年论者事实上是时代论者,不过,前千禧年论本身并不一定非主张时代论不可。事实上,在早期教会历史中,在时代论神学发展出来之前的一千多年前(译注:时代论是18世纪发展出来的,而早期教父很多都是前千禧年论者),早就有一批称为“千禧年主义者”(Chiliasts)的人。(Chiliasts这个字的字根来自希腊文,意思是“千年”chilioi)。他们是对启示录20章的解释也是前千禧年式的。在最近的历史中,仍然有些前千禧年论者不是时代论的,最著名的是乔治?赖德(George Ladd)。他们有许多人宁可用“历史的前千禧年论”来与时代论神学保持距离,以与“时代论的前千禧年”有别。
Although premillennialism is often seen as a dispensational way of understanding Revelation 20, and while many premillennialists are in fact dispensationalists, there is nevertheless nothing about premillennialism in itself that demands dispensationalism. In fact, in early Church history, more than a thousand years before the development of dispensational theology, there was a group called the Chiliasts (from the Greek word for “thousand years”), which held to a premillennial interpretation of Revelation 20. In recent history, there have still been some premillennialists who are not dispensational, most notably George Ladd. Many of these prefer to distance themselves from dispensational theology by using the term “historic premillennialism,” as opposed to “dispensational premillennialism”.

历史的前千禧年和时代论的前千禧年基本的差异在于后者坚持要维持以色列国和教会的区别。根据时代论者,在千禧年这段历史中,神会回头应验祂在旧约中对种族的以色列所作的应许,之后,这个插入的“教会时代”(我们所生活的时代)就会结束。因此,在千禧年中,犹太人在全世界会居于优势地位,然后以崭新的犹太圣殿和祭司制度来结束。与基督一同掌权的基督徒,会得到永恒的、荣耀的身体,在属灵上掌权,而犹太人会拥有实体世界,并且生活、结婚、死亡(虽然会活得很长寿),正如世界历史中的人。只有在这段一千年的时期,神应验了祂对种族的以色列的应许之后,基督会平息最后的背叛,引入永恒的国度,以及新天新地。历史的前千禧年不要求把神属灵的百姓(教会)和祂实体的百姓(种族的以色列)作严格的二分;它只是期待一个当基督会在地上,在祂带来永恒国度之前,以可见的方式掌权的时候。
The basic difference between historic premillennialism and dispensational premillennialism consists in the latter's insistence on maintaining a distinction between the nation of Israel and the Church. According to dispensationalists, the millennium will be the period of history in which God reverts back to fulfilling his Old Testament promises made to ethnic Israel, after this parenthetical “Church Age” in which we live is concluded. Hence, the millennium will be a state of Jewish ascendency over all the world, complete with a renewed Jewish temple and priesthood. The Christians who reign with Christ will all have been given eternal, glorified bodies, and will reign spiritually, while the Jews will own the world physically, and will live, marry, and die (although evincing incredible longevity), just as people have throughout the history of the world. It is only after this thousand-year period, in which God fulfills his promises to ethnic Israel, that Christ will put down a final rebellion and usher in the eternal state, with its New Heavens and New Earth. Historic Premillennialism requires none of this strict dichotomy between God's spiritual people the Church, and his physical people, ethnic Israel; it merely looks ahead to a time when Christ will reign visibly on the earth, before he brings in the eternal state.
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