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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答28:圣经神学和系统神学有何不同?  

2011-07-28 00:35:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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28. 圣经神学和系统神学有何不同?


What is the difference between Biblical Theology and Systematic Theology?
诚之获授权翻译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/systembiblical.html


圣经神学和系统神学是组织圣经教导的两种方法。圣经神学尝试去了解神特殊启示在历史中逐渐展开的过程,而系统神学则是试图一个一个地呈现圣经对一些特定真理或教义的整体教导。因此,圣经神学在设计上是历史性的,按照时间排列的。事实上,“救赎历史”几乎可以说是『圣经神学』的同义词——至少从它[圣经神学]要解释所有的特殊启示这个宽泛的任务看来。不过,不一定要从这么广大方式来从事圣经神学;有时候,一些主题可以用圣经神学的方式来处理。例如,敬拜圣地的圣经神学,会试图去认识这个特定的主题如何在救赎历史中展开,从启示的一开始,直到末了。另一个圣经神学比较狭窄的应用是研究一个特定的时段中,启示的展开(例如,被掳后的圣经神学);或研究一个特定作者如何发展一些主题(例如,使徒约翰的圣经神学)。不过,最终来说,只有当它们试图增进对救赎历史作为一个整体进展的了解时,这些比较狭窄的应用,在本质上才是真正的圣经神学。
Biblical theology and systematic theology are two different manners of arranging the teaching of the scriptures. Biblical theology seeks to understand the progressive unfolding of God's special revelation throughout history, whereas systematic theology seeks to present the entire scriptural teaching on certain specific truths, or doctrines, one at a time. Biblical theology is thus historical and chronological in its design; and in fact, a close synonym for biblical theology, at least in its wide-angle task of accounting for all of special revelation, is the term “redemptive history”. Biblical theology is not always pursued in so broad a fashion, however; sometimes, certain themes are approached in a biblical theological manner; for instance, a biblical theology of holy space in worship would seek to understand how that specific motif unfolded in redemptive history, from the beginning of revelation until the end. Another narrower application of biblical theology would be the study of the unfolding of revelation during a specific time period (for example, post-exilic biblical theology); or the study of the development of themes in a particular author (for example, Johannine biblical theology); but ultimately, even these narrower applications are truly biblical-theological in nature only as they seek to advance an understanding of the progression of redemptive history as a whole.

另一方面,系统神学的安排,不是按照时间的顺序,也不考虑教义逐渐发展的过程,而是按照主题,从一开始就考虑启示的完整形式。此完整的形式乃是启示作为一个整体所最后采认的。系统神学试着要回答这个问题:“对于罪,救恩或圣灵等教义真理的全貌,我们能知道多少?”因此,系统神学是从神格(Godhead)的教义,或神学本体(theology proper),进展到基督论,圣灵论,天使论,救恩论等等,详尽地处理每个主题。
Systematic theology, on the other hand, is laid out, not chronologically, nor with a consideration of the progressive development of doctrines, but thematically, taking into account from the outset the complete form which revelation as a whole has finally assumed. Systematic theology attempts to answer the question, “what is the full extent of the truth that we may know about the doctrine of sin, or salvation, or the Holy Spirit, etc.?”. Hence, systematic theologies progress from the doctrine of the Godhead, or theology proper, to christology, pneumatology, angelology, soteriology, and so on, treating each theme exhaustively.
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