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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答29:圣经神学为什么重要?  

2011-07-28 00:36:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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29. 圣经神学为什么重要?


Why is Biblical Theology important?
诚之获授权翻译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/bibtheo.html


圣经神学是很重要的学科,有下面几个理由:首先,它帮助我们决定圣经中那些主题和真理是真正重要的,以及为什么是重要的。当我们试着去认识圣经自然展开的过程,以及其主题如何发展,越来越成熟,我们就会开始明白圣经真正强调的是什么。如果我们只依靠系统神学,我们也许会认识许多关于天使和人、罪和救赎的真理,但是这些真理中,哪一个是最重要的?在特殊启示的发展历史中,什么是最强调的?认识基路伯和撒拉弗,和认识称义与救赎一样重要吗?
Biblical theology is an important discipline for several reasons; first, it helps us to determine what themes and truths of scriptures are really important, and why. As we seek to understand how the scriptures naturally unfold, and how its themes are developed and grow ever more mature, we start to realize what's truly being emphasized. If we relied on systematic theology alone, we might come to know many truths about angels and men and sin and redemption, but which of those truths are the most important? Which are the most emphasized and developed in the history of special revelation? Is it as important to know about cherubim and seraphim as it is to know about justification and redemption?

第二、圣经神学给我们一幅大略而完整的“构图”(big picture) ,向我们说明圣经真理是如何前后一贯、彼此相关的,以及整体的意义。圣经不是给我们作为一本有许多真理和教义的手册,而是基本上要作为一个如史诗般壮阔的故事,其中存在的真理都是要描绘一位伟大英雄的荣耀,祂是旧约圣经所应许,所预示,所预备的,祂终于降生来完成祂在新约圣经中宏伟而多面向的工作。单靠系统神学无法给我们圣经里这个史诗般的、以基督为中心的意思。圣经是统一的整体,见证神借着祂永恒的儿子,凯旋的基督,所作的大能的救赎工作。
Second, biblical theology gives us the “big picture,” and shows us how all the truths of the bible cohere and relate to each other, and make sense as a whole. The bible was not given to us as a handbook of various truths and doctrines, but fundamentally as an epic story, in which all truths exist to portray the glory of one great Hero, promised, foreshadowed, and prepared for in the Old Testament, and finally coming to accomplish his magnificent and many-faceted work in the New Testament. Systematic Theology alone does not give this epic, Christ-centered sense of the bible as one great unified whole, testifying to the mighty work of God's redemption through his eternal Son, the triumphant Christ.

第三、圣经神学在要求解经时要严格应用历史-文法释经法,是很有帮助的。圣经神学,因为其本质的缘故,必须考虑特殊启示的历史和背景,并回答这些问题,即为何一卷特定的书卷会在一特定的时间写成,它探讨的是些什么问题,它如何进一步为世界和神的百姓,为基督的降临做好准备,等等。基于这个理由,它对任何草率的“证明经文”倾向,是健康的修正。
Third, biblical theology can be helpful in demanding the application of a rigorous historical-grammatical hermeneutic in exegesis. Biblical theology, by its very nature, must take into account the history and context of special revelation, and answer the questions of why a particular book was written at a particular time, what problems it addressed, how it further prepared the world and the people of God for the coming of Christ, and so on; and for this reason, it can be a healthy corrective to any tendency toward careless “proof-texting”.
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