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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答32:圣约神学为什么重要?  

2011-07-30 02:59:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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32. 圣约神学为什么重要?


Why is Covenant Theology important?
诚之获授权翻译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/whycovenant.html

如果圣约神学按照它所说的,是一个理解圣经的框架,把圣经对掌管历史的神如何对待祂的百姓或把自己启示给他们的唯一方式展示出来, 那么,圣经神学的重要性就是很明显的了。如果我们没有与神立约,我们就永远不会认识祂。而如果我们不认识圣约的重要性,我们就无法明白圣经的一大部分。用最简单的表达方式来说,耶稣洒下祂的血所成就的是什么?根据最后晚餐祂所说的话,祂的死的意义,可以用一个词来总结:“新约”(太26:28)。如果我们不明白圣约的用语,这顶多会让我们对基督的死所带来的恩惠有一个非常模糊的认识;而如果我们不敬拜神的圣约之间统一和有机的联系,我们就会错过圣经的融贯性,神救赎计划的统一性,以及基督在圣约中的中心性。耶稣基督是圣经中唯一伟大的英雄。
If Covenant Theology is what it claims to be, that is, if it is the framework laying out the biblical understanding of the only manner in which the God of history has ever dealt with his people or revealed himself to them, then its importance should be obvious. If we are not in covenant with God, we will never know him at all. And if we do not understand the importance of the covenants, we will not be able to make much sense of vast portions of the bible. What was it, in the simplest mode of expression, that Jesus shed his blood to accomplish? According to his own words at the last Supper, the significance of his death was summed up in one term, “New Covenant” (Matthew 26:28). If we do not understand covenant terminology, this will leave us at best with a very fuzzy understanding of the benefits of Christ's death; and if we do not understand the unity and organic connectedness of the divine covenants, we will miss the coherence of the bible, the unity of God's redemptive design, and the centrality of the Christ of the covenants, who is the bible's great hero.

17世纪荷兰神学家Herman Witsius的著作:The Economy of the Covenants between God and Man (reprinted in 1990 by den Dulk Christian Foundation)。巴刻(J. I. Packer)为这本书写了序言(http://gospelpedlar.com/articles/Bible/cov_theo.html),把这本里程碑的著作介绍给当代的读者。这是一篇简单却深刻,而且引入深思的文章。在这篇文章中,巴刻总结了圣经神学的重要性,有三点:首先,“除非用圣约的框架来看神的福音,我们才能正确地理解它”,这是因为福音的应许都是神邀请罪人进入恩典之约,并享受约的好处的邀请。
In a simple yet profound and provocative article introducing to a modern audience the monumental work of Herman Witsius, The Economy of the Covenants between God and Man (reprinted in 1990 by den Dulk Christian Foundation), J. I. Packer sums up the importance of Covenant Theology in three statements: first, “the gospel of God is not properly understood till it is viewed within a covenantal frame,” since the gospel promises are all invitations to sinners to enter into the Covenant of Grace, and enjoy its benefits.

第二,“除非用圣约的框架来看神的话,我们才能正确地理解”,这是因为构成“圣经骨架”的,是一位伟大英雄的故事,祂应许要完成那一件伟大的工作,这件工作和“人与上帝的圣约关系有关,这个关系首先被破坏,然后得到了恢复”;进一步说,把圣经众多书卷结合在一起的几股合一的股绳,首先是圣约的应许:“我要作你们的神,你们要作我的子民”,这是上帝透过祂连续不断的对圣约信心和生活的命令,要对选民应验的。第二股股绳是圣约的信差与中保,神-人耶稣基督,先知与君王,祭司与祭物,旧约所预言、新约所宣讲的弥赛亚。第三股股绳是神唯一的一群百姓,圣约的群体,选民的整体。他们是神使他们归信,也保守他们信心的人,从亚伯,挪亚,亚伯拉罕,到以色列的余民,到普世新约教会中相信的犹太人和外邦人;以及第四股股绳,圣约敬虔唯一的模式,由信心、悔改、爱、喜乐、赞美、盼望、恨恶罪、喜爱圣洁、祷告的灵,以及随时准备好与世界、肉体和撒但争战,以荣耀神……这个模式也许是在路德的“小圣经”,诗篇中,最完整地展示出来的,但在新旧两约中神的仆人的生活中也可以见到,并且在新旧约圣经的每一卷书卷中多多少少反映出来的。
Second, “the Word of God is not properly understood till it is viewed within a covenantal frame,” since the story that forms “the backbone of the bible,” a story with one great Hero and the one great work that he undertakes to perform, “has to do with man's covenant relationship with God first ruined then restored”; and further, the unifying strands that bind together the books of the Bible are, first , the one covenant promise, sloganized as "I will be your God, and you shall be my people," which God was fulfilling to his elect all through his successive orderings of covenant faith and life; second , the one messenger and mediator of the covenant, Jesus Christ the God-man, prophet and king, priest and sacrifice, the Messiah of Old Testament prophecy and New Testament proclamation; third , the one people of God, the covenant community, the company of the elect, whom God brings to faith and keeps in faith, from Abel, Noah and Abraham through the remnant of Israel to the worldwide New Testament church of believing Jews and Gentiles; and fourth , the one pattern of covenant piety, consisting of faith, repentance, love, joy, praise, hope, hatred of sin, desire for sanctity, a spirit of prayer, and readiness to battle the world, the flesh, and the devil in order to glorify God . . . a pattern displayed most fully, perhaps, in Luther's "little Bible," the Psalter, but seen also in the lives of God's servants in both Testaments and reflected more or less fully in each single one of the Old and New Testament books.

第三、“除非用圣约的框架来看神的真相,我们才能正确地理解”,这是因为神已经启示祂三一神间最根本的爱与合一,以及祂的位格中其他深不可测的属性,诸如祂绝对的信实、公义和主权的怜悯,只有透过祂在人类历史中所展现出来的圣约,即三一真神间『救赎之约』的表达与反射,才能以一种经济和确凿的方式,展示神基本本质的丰富,以至于人可以认识到祂是谁,并被带进与祂个人的关系中(以上的摘引都出自巴刻的这篇序言)。
Third, “the reality of God is not properly understood till it is viewed within a covenantal frame,” since God has revealed his essential inter-trinitarian love and unity, and the otherwise unfathomable attributes of his person, such as his utter faithfulness, righteousness, and sovereign mercy, only in and through the Covenant which he worked out in human history, and which is an expression and reflection of the trinitarian Covenant of Redemption, that displays the fullness of God's essential nature in an economic and tangible way, so that men might both learn who he is and be brought into a personal relationship with him (all quoted portions above are taken from Packer's introductory article in the above-mentioned work).
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