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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答46: “兼容论”是什么意思?它合乎圣经吗?  

2011-08-11 01:08:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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46. “兼容论”是什么意思?它合乎圣经吗?


What does the term “compatibilism” mean, and is it biblical?
诚之获授权翻译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/compatibilism.html

“兼容论”是用来描述我们在上面讨论过的,两个协同而不互相抵触而存在的真理的一个语词。这两项真理是:(1) 上帝积极地以主权统管发生在地球上所有发生的事,以及(2) 人行动的责任,在不受外来的强迫下遵循他天然欲望(自从堕落后就完全败坏了)的自由(即自发的选择)。兼容论(也被称为“软性的宿命论”soft determinism)相信,上帝预先决定并巨细靡遗地掌管护理所有的事,和自发的选择是可以“兼容”的。这些概念都是真的,都合乎圣经,因此,他们彼此间是不互相抵触的,而是可以完全“兼容”的。
“Compatibilism” is a term which describes the concurrent non-contradictory existence of the two truths we have been discussing above: God's active sovereignty and governance over every event that takes place on earth, and man's responsibility for his actions and freedom (i.e. voluntary choice) to follow his natural desires (which since the fall are wholly corrupt) apart from external coercion. Compatibilism (also known as soft determinism), is the belief that God's predetermination and meticulous providence over all events is "compatible" with voluntary choice. These concepts are both true and biblical, and hence, they are not at odds with each other, but are fully “compatible”.

兼容论的教导不只是合乎圣经,它也是解决所谓的“自由意志的问题”唯一合乎圣经的解方。首先,圣经教导说神必不说谎,或背乎自己(来6:18);其次,上帝预旨了所有将会发生的事(见问答43);第三,人要为他的恶性负完全的责任,也要为此遭受永恒的惩罚,除非祂得到神在基督里白白的礼物(雅1:13-15;启20:11-15;罗2:5-6)。因此,圣经要求,上帝的主动全权和人真正的选择与责任,并不会彼此矛盾,否则神就是说谎的,或是个糊涂的作者。我们是否能领会这些真理如何能和谐地并存,相对来说是件小事;重要的是我们要相信神的话,且相信这两项突出的圣经教导,事实上是彼此兼容的。
Not only is the teaching of compatibilism biblical, it is the only solution to the so-called “free will problem” that scriptures allow. The bible teaches, first, that God does not lie, or contradict himself (Hebrews 6:18); second, that God ordains everything that comes to pass (see question 43); and third, that man is fully responsible for his wicked actions, and will suffer eternal punishment for them unless he is given the free grace of God in Christ (Jam 1:13-15; Rev 20:11-15; Rom 2:5-6). Hence, the bible demands that God's active sovereignty and man's real choice and responsibility do not contradict each other, or else God would be a liar, or the author of confusion. Whether we can comprehend the way in which the truths co-exist harmoniously is relatively minor; what matters is that we take God at his word, and believe that these two eminently biblical teachings are in fact compatible with each other.

For Further Study
Subsection on Compatibilism @Monergism.com

另参:
自由意志真伪辨(林慈信牧师)
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