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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答51: “全然败坏”是什么意思?  

2011-08-17 13:18:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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51. “全然败坏”是什么意思?合乎圣经吗?


What does the term “total depravity” mean, and is it biblical?
诚之获授权翻译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/totaldepravity.html

虽然“全然败坏”的意思不是说所有的人都会把邪恶淋漓尽致地表现出来,或一个人永远不会在相对上比另一个人更好,或在特定的情况下会“站在对的一边”;但是它真正的意思的确是说,无论人做的是什么,在上帝面前,都无法得到上帝完全的接纳。堕落的人尽最大的努力所得出的行动,仍然是有污点的,是不完美的,因此,在全然圣洁的造物主上帝面前,仍然是可憎的。基本上,全然败坏的教义,在加尔文主义的救恩论中,是要说明两件事:首先,人的行动最终都不是良善的,或是上帝可以完全接纳的;其次,人受到罪的败坏,完全无法在重生当中作出任何贡献,连寻求神,相信神,归向神这个最简单的行动,都不是靠他自己就够做到的。
Although total depravity does not mean that all men will display evil to the fullest extent possible, or that one man may never be good relative to another, or “in the right” when it comes to a particular situation; yet it does mean that no man can ever do anything whatsoever that is completely acceptable in the sight of God. The very best acts of fallen man are tainted and imperfect, and thus loathsome before the altogether holy God of creation. Basically, the doctrine of total depravity, in a calvinistic soteriology, intends two things: first, that no act of man is ultimately good or perfectly acceptable to God; and second, that man is so corrupted by sin, that he is utterly unable to contribute anything to his regeneration, even the simplest act of seeking God, believing in him, or coming to him.

改革宗这个“全然败坏”的教义的这两个层面,可以找到许多圣经的支持。圣经清楚教导,人无法行善事,无法讨神喜悦,他完全被罪和魔鬼所捆绑,甚至他最好的行动在神面前也是污秽的衣服(创6:5;伯15:14-16;诗130:3;143:2;箴20:9;传7:20;赛64:6;页13:23;约3:19;8:34,44;罗3:9-12;6:20;8:8;提后2:25-26;多3:3;约壹5:19;雅3:8;约壹1:8);它也教导人甚至无法寻求上帝,或相信祂,除非神自己吸引他,重生他,赐给他一个新的肉心(约3:3-8;6:65;10:26;12:37-41;罗3:10-11)。
Both aspects of this reformed doctrine of total depravity find much scriptural support. The bible clearly teaches that man cannot do anything good, he cannot please God, he is utterly bound to sin and the devil, and even his best acts are as filthy rags before God (Gen. 6:5; Job 15:14-16; Psa. 130:3; 143:2; Prov. 20:9; Eccl. 7:20; Isa. 64:6; Jer. 13:23; John 3:19; 8:34, 44; Rom. 3:9-12; 6:20; 8:8; 2 Tim. 2:25-26; Tit. 3:3; 1 John 5:19; Jam. 3:8; 1 John 1:8; ); it also teaches that man cannot even seek God, come to him, or believe in him, unless God himself draws him, regenerates him, and gives him a living heart of flesh (John 3:3-8; 6:65; 10:26; 12:37-41; Rom. 3:10-11).

Further Studies:
The Total Depravity of Man by A.W. Pink
Adam's Fall and Mine by R.C. Sproul
Total Depravity Verse List by Travis Carden
Human Inability by C.H. Spurgeon
The Apparent "Good" in Natural Man by John Hendryx
Total Depravity by John Piper
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