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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答52:败坏的人虽然无法行善,仍然可以信神,是吗?  

2011-08-18 12:07:00|  分类: 改革宗信条 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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52. 败坏的人虽然无法行善,仍然可以信神,是吗?


Even though a depraved person cannot do good works, he can still believe, can't he?
诚之获授权翻译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/depravitybelieve.html

虽然阿民念者反对伯拉纠的教义(伯拉纠是第五世纪英国僧侣,他教导人没有在亚当里堕落,所以每个人都有与生俱来的能力去行善),然而他们仍然乐于主张人在败坏的海洋中,还至少保留了一个小小的“义的孤岛”;也就是说,人至少可以回应神在福音中的邀请,以信心归向神。
Although Arminians object against the doctrines of Pelagius, the fifth-century British monk who taught that man was not corrupted in Adam, so that each person has the innate capacity to do righteous acts; yet they still like to maintain that man still has at least one tiny “island of righteousness” left in the sea of depravity; and that is, that all men can at least respond to God's offer in the gospel, and come to him in faith.

然而,即使这个“义的孤岛”也还是不合圣经的;圣经教导说,若不是上帝主权的恩典,人连相信上帝或相信耶稣的话的能力都没有(约6:65;8:43-45;10:26;12:37-41)。此外,教导说人有“自由”意志去相信福音,有点要和上帝的能力和恩典过不去的味道,拯救我们的最终是上帝的恩典和能力,而不是我们里面任何的良善,所以唯独上帝可以得到荣耀。因此,圣经经常表明,即使信心和悔改也是上帝的礼物(约3:27;腓1:29;彼后1:1;徒5:3;11:18;16:14;18:27;弗2:8-10;提后2:25-26)。使徒保罗甚至说:“使你与人不同的是谁呢?你有什麽不是领受的呢;若是领受的,为何自夸,彷佛不是领受的呢?”(提前4:7)
However, even this “island of righteousness” is unbiblical; the bible teaches that man cannot even believe in God or believe the words of Jesus, apart from God's sovereign grace (John 6:65; 8:43-45; 10:26; 12:37-41). Furthermore, this teaching of man's “free” will to believe in the gospel is a slight against God's power and grace, which saves us utterly apart from anything within ourselves, so that God alone may be glorified. Hence, the bible frequently indicates that even faith and repentance are God's gifts (John 3:27; Phil. 1:29; 2 Pet. 1:1; Acts 5:3; 11:18; 16:14; 18:27; Eph. 2:8-10; 2 Tim. 2:25-26). Even as the apostle said, “Who makes you to differ? or what do you have that you did not receive?” (1 Cor. 4:7).

Further Studies:
Responsibility, Inabiliity and Monergistic Grace by John Hendryx
Man's Utter Inability to Rescue Himself by Thomas Boston
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