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神学问答53: “无条件的拣选”是什么意思?  

2011-08-20 09:52:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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53. “无条件的拣选”是什么意思?合乎圣经吗?


What does the term “unconditional election” mean, and is it biblical?
诚之获授权翻译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/unconditional.html

“无条件拣选”的意思是神拣选(或选择)人得救,不受在祂之外的任何条件所限定或影响。无条件拣选的教义是为了回应抗议文的教导而形成的。抗议文是由雅各布?阿民念和他的跟随者所写的,其看法是神拣选人得救的条件是祂预先看见人在时间内会有信心。为回应此教导,多特会议确认了教会历史上的教导,说神拣选我们,不是因为在我们里面有任何良善或祂在我们里面预先看见愿意相信的心,而是唯独根据祂自己良善的旨意。
The term “unconditional election” simply means that God's election (or choice) of those who would be saved is not conditioned upon or influenced by anything outside of God himself. The doctrine of unconditional election was formulated in response to the teaching of the Remonstrance, composed by Jacobus Arminius and others, that God's election of individuals to salvation was conditioned upon the faith which he foresaw that they would come to in time. In reaction to this teaching, the Synod of Dort affirmed the historic teaching of the Church that God elects us, not in response to any good or willingness to believe that he foresees in us, but according to his own good purposes alone.

圣经很明确地维护无条件拣选的教义,宣告说神“救了我们,以圣召召我们,不是按我们的行为,乃是按祂的旨意和恩典;这恩典是万古之先,在基督耶稣里赐给我们的” (提后1:9;参弗1:3-6)。对此教义进一步的辩护可以在下面的问答中找到。
The doctrine of unconditional election is very clearly upheld in the bible, which proclaims that God “saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given to us in Christ Jesus before the ages began” (2 Tim. 1:9; cf. Eph. 1:3-6). Further biblical defense of this doctrine may be found in the questions below.

另参:“无条件的拣选”合乎圣经吗?
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