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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答38:什么是宗教改革神学?  

2011-08-02 05:39:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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38. 什么是宗教改革神学?


What is Reformation Theology?
诚之获授权翻译。
原文载于:hhttp://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/whatreformed.html

“宗教改革神学”(Reformation Theology)是用来指称16世纪抗议宗的改教家,包括马丁路德,墨兰顿,慈运理,加尔文等人所共同认信的神学教义的一个语词。虽然这些改教家中,在某些领域的信仰有很大的差别,他们仍然坚定地团结在一起,在一些非常基础性的教义上,对抗罗马天主教的教导。他们都相信,要管理所有信徒的信仰与实践,唯独圣经是足够的,而圣经教导称义唯独靠恩典,因着信,且唯独在耶稣基督里。同样,他们强调一个健全的盟约,或圣约神学(见问答31),而且他们主张人的意志是完全受罪所捆绑的,只有圣灵重生的恩典,才能赐给人信心,带来称义。
“Reformation Theology” is a term designating the theological doctrines and convictions held in common by the great sixteenth century Protestant reformers, including Martin Luther, Philip Melancthon, Uldrich Zwingli, John Calvin, and others. Although some of these reformers had widely varying beliefs in certain areas, they were nevertheless firmly united against the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church in some very foundational doctrines. They all believed that the scriptures alone were sufficient to govern all believers in matters of faith and practice, and that the scriptures taught that justification was by grace alone through faith alone in Jesus Christ. Likewise, they stressed a robust federal, or covenant theology (see questions 31 ff. above), and they held that man's will is wholly bound in sin, and that only the regenerating grace of the Holy Spirit could give the faith that results in justification.

要理解使这些改教家团结在一起的基础性真理,最好的途径大概是通过阅读16-17世纪所写的各种信经和信仰告白。“三项联合信条”(three forms of unity),包括《海德堡要理问答》,《比利时信条》,和《多特信经》,为第一代改教家提供了也许是最清楚的共同信仰的解释。同样,“威斯敏斯德标准”(Westminster Standards),包括《威斯敏斯德信仰告白》,《小要理问答》,《大要理问答》,是17世纪作品的里程碑,将宗教改革的教义编纂成法典。
Perhaps the best way to understand the foundational truths that united these different reformers is to read through the various creeds and confessions that were composed in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The “three forms of unity,” consisting of the Heidelberg Catechism, the Belgic Confession of Faith, and the Canons of Dort, provide perhaps the clearest explanation of the common faith of the first reformers. Also, the Westminster Standards, including the Westminster Confession of Faith and the shorter and longer catechisms, were a landmark seventeenth century work codifying the doctrines of the Reformation.

Related Reading for Further Study
Introduction to the Reformed Faith by John Frame (.pdf)
A Brief and Untechnical Statement of the Reformed Faith by B.B. Warfield
The Reformed Faith by Loraine Boettner
What is the Reformed Faith? by Dr. Michael S. Horton
Reformed Theology by James Montgomery Boice
Three Pillars of the Reformed Faith by Jason A. Van Bemmel
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