注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

守诚阁

基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

日志

 
 

神学问答57:无条件拣选的教义是否会把人变成机器人?  

2011-08-27 04:26:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

57. 无条件拣选的教义是否会把人变成机器人?


Doesn't the doctrine of unconditional election make people into robots?
诚之获授权翻译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/robots.html

有人反对说上帝以祂绝对的主权,拣选一些人得救或被定罪,会把人变成机器人,这是误解、也贬损了上帝权能的荣耀。上帝并不需要“把枪抵着人的头”或用木偶绳把人捆起来,以成就祂的旨意。祂是荣耀的创造主,祂的护理智慧到一个地步,虽然我们无法完全理解,但是祂可以透过恶人自主的选择,来完成祂毫无瑕疵、公义的计划;祂也可以透过那软弱、有罪却领受祂怜悯的人,得释放、被重新创造的意志,来执行祂大有权能的、使他们成圣的工作。
The objection that God's absolute sovereignty in his choice of individuals for salvation or condemnation makes them into mere robots misunderstands and minimizes the glory of his power. God does not need to “put a gun to someone's head” or truss someone up with puppet strings to get his will done. He is so glorious a Creator and so wise in his providence that, as difficult a time as we have comprehending it, he can work all of his flawless and righteous designs through the willful choices of the wicked; and he can likewise perform his powerful work of sanctification through the freed and re-created wills of weak and sinful recipients of mercy.

以上真理的例子,遍布在圣经的每一个角落,例如在约瑟和他兄弟的事上(创50:20);哈曼邪恶地假设了绞刑台,而上帝却主权地使用它来拯救祂的百姓,毁灭他们的敌人(以斯拉记);约伯,魔鬼故意要反对他,神却藉著魔鬼的作为炼净约伯,等等。然而,最清楚的例子莫过于十字架,在那里,“希律和本丢彼拉多,外邦人和以色列民,果然在这城里聚集,要攻打你所膏的圣仆耶稣,成就你手和你意旨所预定必有的事。”(徒4:27-28)换句话说,上帝是透过那些祂预定要受审判的人,主权地完成祂的旨意;但是祂的计划是透过他们邪恶的行动而完成的(另参见徒2:22-24)。
Examples of the former truth appear all throughout the bible, for example in the case of Joseph and his brothers (Gen. 50:20); Haman, whose evil construction of a gallows God sovereignly used to deliver the people for whom it was prepared by destroying their enemy (the book of Esther); Job, who was purified by the willfully antagonistic actions of the devil, etc.; yet the clearest example is the cross, where “there were gathered together in truth, against your holy child Jesus, whom you anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles and the people of Israel, to do as many things as your hand and your decree predestined to take place” (Acts 4:27-28). In other words, God is sovereign to accomplish his will through those whom he has predestined for judgment; but his purpose is accomplished through their willfully wicked actions (see also Acts 2:22-24).

后面的那个真理,即上帝没有机械式地强迫任何人接受祂的恩典,而是在人身上动工,使人全心、自愿地欣然接受在基督里白白的恩惠,在圣经中是同样清楚的:当上帝拣选人得救,祂不是机械式地,使用暴力和虚空的话,让他们的石心承认祂;相反地,祂重生他们,给他们一颗肉心,在他们里面创造一个愿意相信并拥抱救主的意志(参见申30:6;结11:19;36:26-27;37:3-6,11-14;约1:11-13;3:3-8;5:21;弗2:1-5;雅1:18;彼前1:3;约壹2:29;5:1)。祂的权能远比制造电脑和机器人的,要大得多——祂制作愿意的心,创造热切赞美的新灵,呼叫死人,使他们复活。我们无法透过别的代理,在受到强迫或暴力的压制下,完成我们的意志;但是上帝比我们要大,祂能透过一些自愿的媒介(agents)来工作,并为他们所有的行动负道德责任,来完成祂永恒的旨意。祂的百姓不是被强迫来赞美祂;但是正如诗篇作者所说,“当你掌权的日子,你的民要以圣洁的妆饰为衣,甘心牺牲自己。”(诗110:3)这是何能的能力!
The latter truth, that God does not mechanically force anyone to receive his grace, but works upon him to embrace free mercy in Christ with all his heart and will, is equally clear in the bible: when God chooses persons for salvation, he does not mechanically make their heart of stone acknowledge him with forced and empty words; he instead regenerates them, gives them a heart of flesh, creates in them a willingness to believe and embrace the Savior (see Deut. 30:6; Ezek. 11:19; 36:26-27; 37:3-6, 11-14; John 1:11-13; 3:3-8; 5:21; Eph. 2:1-5; Jam. 1:18; 1 Pet. 1:3; 1 John 2:29; 5:1). His power is greater than the makers of computers and robots – he makes willing hearts, creates anew souls of fervent praise, calls forth the dead and makes them alive. We cannot accomplish our wills through another agent without coercion or forced constraint; but God is greater than we, and he can accomplish his eternal purpose through agents who work willfully and are morally responsible for all their actions. His people will not be forced to praise him; but as the psalmist says, “Your people will offer themselves up willingly in the day of your power” (Psalm 110:3). What power that is!
  评论这张
 
阅读(343)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017