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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答58:无条件拣选的教义是否会成为传福音和宣教的阻拦?  

2011-08-28 11:22:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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58. 无条件拣选的教义是否会成为传福音和宣教的阻拦?


Doesn't the doctrine of unconditional election hinder evangelism and missions?
诚之获授权翻译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/hindermissions.html

另一个常见的反对“无条件拣选”教义的理由是它会对传福音和宣教产生阻碍。毕竟,如果只有选民会有信心,为什么还要向所有的人传福音呢?事实上,如果我们无法改变人的心,为什么还要传福音?我们不是只要重复约翰?赖兰德(John Ryland)对热心的宣教士威廉?克里(Wlliam Carey)(他是个加尔文主义者!)说过的话:“坐下来,年轻人;当上帝要让异教徒归信,祂不需要你我的帮忙就办得到”,就好了吗?
Another objection that is often raised against the doctrine of unconditional election is that it hinders evangelism and missions. After all, if only the elect will come to faith, why should we evangelize everyone? In fact, if we cannot change anyone's heart, why evangelize at all? Should we not just repeat what John Ryland supposedly said to the zealous (and Calvinistic!) missionary Wlliam Carey: “Sit down, young man; when God wants to convert the heathen, he'll do it without your help and mine.”?

对此异议有两重回应:首先,也是最基本的,基督吩咐我们向万国传福音(例如,太28:18-20),我们不能因为对祂的道路缺乏认识,就选择拒绝或顺服我们的主。此外,圣经向我们保证,虽然上帝必然会从万国把祂的选民(也只有祂的选民)呼召出来,但是祂只会透过宣讲福音——圣道的宣讲(罗10:13-17)这样做。祂不只是主权地定好了结果(选民的得救),也定好了达到这个结果的途径(宣讲祂的话)。
This objection has a twofold response: first, and most fundamentally, Christ has commanded us to evangelize all the nations (e.g. Mat. 28:18-20), and we do not have the option to refuse to obey our Lord because of our lack of understanding of his ways. And besides, the scriptures assure us that, even though God will certainly call out all his elect (and only his elect) from every nation, he will always do so only through the gospel-proclamation of his word (Rom. 10:13-17). He is not only sovereign over the end (the salvation of the elect), but also over the means to that end (the preaching of the word).

除此之外,事实是,离开上帝无条件的拣选,传福音和宣教就都是毫无盼望的。在天然情况下,没有人能顺服福音,相信基督,明白属灵的事或寻求神(约3:3,27;6:44,65;8:43-45;10:26;12:37-41;14:17;林前2;14;罗3:10-11)。因此,能克服这些无法超越之障碍的上帝主权拣选的教义,就是宣教必要的基础。所以,当保罗遭遇到哥林多人反对的挫折后,上帝提醒他,祂已经在那城里拣选了许多百姓,借此来安慰他(徒18:9-10)。上帝无条件拣选的真理使不可能成為可能;若不是這個真理,救恩要靠人根本是不可能的,那才是传福音的阻碍。(见太19:26)
But even beyond this, the fact is that, apart from God's unconditional election, evangelism and missions would be utterly hopeless. Naturally, there is none who is capable of obeying the gospel, believing in Christ, understanding the things of the Spirit, or seeking God (John 3:3, 27; 6:44, 65; 8:43-45; 10:26; 12:37-41; 14:17; 1 Cor 2:14; Rom. 3:10-11); so then, the doctrine of God's sovereign election, which overcomes those impossible barriers, is a necessary foundation for missions. Thus, when Paul was discouraged by opposition in Corinth, God comforted him by reminding him that he had already chosen many people in that city (Acts 18:9-10). The truth that with men salvation is impossible would be a hindrance to evangelism were it not for the truth of God's unconditional election, which does the impossible (see Matthew 19:26).
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