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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答39: “五大唯独”是什么?  

2011-08-03 10:04:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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39. “五大唯独”是什么?它们各是什么意思?


What are the “five solas,” and what do they mean?
诚之获授权翻译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/fivesolas.html

更正教改教家们有五个伟大的基础性诉求,这是他们团结的基础。“五大唯独”就是用来称呼这些诉求的名称。它们分别是:“唯独圣经”(Sola Scriptura),“唯独恩典”(Sola Gratia) “唯独信心”(Sola Fide) “唯独基督”(Solus Christus),和“唯独把荣耀归给神”(Soli Deo Gloria”)。
The “five solas” is a term used to designate five great foundational rallying cries of the Protestant reformers. They are as follows: “Sola Scriptura” (Scripture Alone); “Sola Gratia” (Grace Alone); “Sola Fide” (Faith Alone); “Solus Christus” (Christ Alone); and “Soli Deo Gloria” (To God Alone Be Glory).

这“五大唯独”是为回应败坏的罗马天主教会所教导的,对真理特定的曲解所发展出来的。罗马教会教导:信仰和实践的基础是圣经,圣传和教皇的敕令所组成的;但是改革家说,“不,我们的基础唯有圣经。”天主教会教导,我们得救是靠神的恩典,和我们透过悔罪和善工所累积的功德,以及在我们之前的圣徒所积聚的额外功德。改教家的回应是:“唯独恩典”。天主教会教导,我们被称义是靠信心和我们所作的善工,而这些善工是神藉著信心,把义一点一滴地灌注到我们身上所成就的。改教家回应说:“不,我们唯独靠信心称义;信心就是抓住外来的基督的义,这是上帝白白地加在那些相信的人的帐户里的。”天主教会教导,我们是靠基督和圣徒的功德而得救的,我们可以靠基督、圣徒和马利亚,他们都为我们祷告代求,而来到神的面前。改教家回应说:“不,我们唯独是靠基督的功德而得救,而且我们唯独靠着基督来到神的面前。”天主教会持守的是马丁?路德所说的“荣耀神学”(相对与“十字架的神学”);在这种神学中,罪人得救的荣耀,部分是基督的贡献,部分是马利亚和圣徒的贡献,而且部分是来自罪人自己。改教家的回应是:“不,只有圣经中所教导的唯一真正的福音,才能把所有的荣耀归给神。”
These “five solas” were developed in response to specific perversions of the truth that were taught by the corrupt Roman Catholic Church. The Roman Church taught that the foundation for faith and practice was a combination of the scriptures, sacred tradition, and the teachings of the magisterium and the pope; but the Reformers said, “No, our foundation is sola scriptura”. The Catholic Church taught that we are saved through a combination of God's grace, the merits that we accumulate through penance and good works, and the superfluity of merits that the saints before us accumulated; the reformers responded, “sola gratia”. The Catholic Church taught that we are justified by faith and the works that we produce, which the righteousness that God infuses in us through faith brings about. The reformers responded, “No, we are justified by faith alone, which lays hold of the alien righteousness of Christ that God freely credits to the account of those who believe”. The Catholic Church taught that we are saved by the merits of Christ and the saints, and that we approach God through Christ, the saints, and Mary, who all pray and intercede for us. The Reformers responded, “No, we are saved by the merits of Christ Alone, and we come to God through Christ Alone”. The Catholic Church adhered to what Martin Luther called the “theology of glory” (in opposition to the “theology of the cross”), in which the glory for a sinner's salvation could be attributed partly to Christ, partly to Mary and the saints, and partly to the sinner himself. The reformers responded, “No, the only true gospel is that which gives all glory to God alone, as is taught in the scriptures.”

今天,天主教会教导相同的扭曲的真理;而我们在许多圈子和宗派中,看到许多更正教(新教)的信徒退回到同样的败坏中。世界各地的基督徒有这个迫切的需要,要重新确认、并积极更新这赋予宗教改革动力,也是其基础的“五大唯独”。
Today, the Catholic Church teaches the same essential perversions of truth; and much of Protestantism has seen a regress to many of the same corruptions, in many circles and denominations. It is a pressing need for Christians everywhere to reaffirm and champion anew the “five solas” which underlay and gave impetus to the Protestant Reformation.

Related Reading for Further Study
The Five Solas of the Reformation by Gregg Strawbridge, Ph.D.
The Cambridge Declaration Alliance of Confessing Evangelicals (.pdf)
Five Solas @Monergism.com

推荐 Dr. Godfrey 写的这篇:What Do We Mean by Sola Scriptura?
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