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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神学问答43:“救赎次序”是什么意思?  

2011-08-07 01:59:00|  分类: 改革宗神学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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43. “救赎次序”是什么意思?它为什么很重要?


What does “ordo salutis” mean, and why is it important?
诚之获授权翻译。
原文载于:http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/onsite/qna/ordosalutis.html

“救赎次序”(Ordo salutis)源自拉丁语,意思是“救赎的次序”。它是把救恩过程中所有的事件和事实加以组织的一种方式,它们会按照这个次序出现在一个人的生命中。这个次序有时候是时间上的(例如,我们在被称义一段时间之后,在永恒之中才得荣耀);有时只是逻辑或因果上的(例如,当神给我们一个新生命时,我们就开始运用我们的信心,但是祂重生我们是我们信心的起因)。“救赎次序”是很重要的观念,因为救恩真理是如此丰富和微妙,牵涉到许多不同的真理,如果我们不仔细定义所有的元素,我们就无法按照正当的方式来认识它。当我们对福音有更深入的认识时,我们就在成圣和圣洁中成长,并认识到我们在基督里所有的属灵福分。如此,如果我们不清楚神救恩的次序,不知道这些宝贵的事件如何发生在我们生命当中,我们的信心和行为就会停留在不成熟的状态。
“Ordo salutis” is a Latin term which means “the order of salvation”. It speaks of a way of organizing all the events and realities in the process of salvation, in the order that they show up in an individual's life. This order is sometimes temporal (e.g., we are justified a certain amount of time before we are glorified in the eternal state); but sometimes it is just logical, or causal (e.g., we exercise faith as soon as God gives us a new birth, but his regeneration is the cause of our faith). The “ordo salutis” is a very important concept because the doctrine of salvation is so rich and nuanced, and involves so many different realities, that we will not understand it the way that we should if we do not define all of its elements very carefully. We grow in sanctification and holiness as we grow in our understanding of the gospel, and realize all the spiritual blessings that we have in Christ; and so, if we are unclear on the many precious things that God's Word has to say about the order of events which his salvation brings about in our lives, we will remain immature in our faith and conduct.

简单的“救赎次序”如下:要使我们得救,首先必须发生的事是在永恒的过去中,神对我们的爱和拣选。然后,祂在我们的生命中发出一个「外在的呼召」,也就是说,藉著阅读神的话或听到神的话,神把福音的信息放在我们生命的道路里。其次,祂藉著圣灵的感动给我们「内在的呼召」,这呼召使我们重生,让原来死去的心得到生命。因着这个重生,我们经历到信仰的归正(conversion),也就是从我们的罪中悔转,信靠基督(悔改+信心)。然后,在我们的信心之后,我们被神称义,即神在法律上宣称我们是义人,这是靠着把基督完全的义「算」在我们的帐户上。与此同时,神收养/收纳(adopt)我们,让我们成为祂的儿女,基督的弟兄姐妹;也使我们与基督联合,以至于我们从此在祂里面。从这开始,在我们整个人生中,神将我们分别为圣,让我们成为圣洁,使我们在信心中坚忍到底,以至于我们最后不会失落。然后,在死亡之时,我们进入到一个居间的状态,那时我们与主同在,但不包括我们的身体。最后是得荣耀,我们的身体会复活,得到改变,从此不再会朽坏;我们会得到新天新地的产业,与我们的以马内利永远同在。
A simple “ordo salutis” is as follows: the first event that had to take place for us to be saved is God's unconditional love and election of us in eternity past. Then, God sent us an outward call at some point in our lives, or in other words, he brought the message of the gospel across our paths, either through the reading or the hearing of the word. Next, he gave an inward call, through the prompting of the Holy Spirit, which regenerated, or brought to life our previously dead hearts. Because of this regeneration, we experienced conversion, that is, repentance from our sin and faith in Christ. Then, in consequence of our faith, we are justified, that is, God legally declares us righteous, by imputing or reckoning Jesus' perfect righteousness to our own account. At the same time, God adopts us, making us his children and the brothers and sisters of Christ; and he also unites us with Christ, so that henceforth we are in him. Beginning at that point, and on throughout our lifetime, God sanctifies us, or makes us holy, changing us into his likeness. Throughout this time, God is also preserving us, causing us to persevere in the faith, so that we do not finally fall away. Then, at death, we enter an intermediate state, where we are in the presence of the Lord, but without our physical bodies. And finally comes glorification, when our bodies will be resurrected and changed so that they will no longer decay, and we will inherit the new heavens and new earth, where we will live in the presence of our Immanuel for all eternity.

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