注： 1. Readers familiar with the Hebrew text will probably know that there is some scholarly disagreement about whether this text refers to (1) the individual Adam, (2) to humanity in general, or even (3) to a place. There is no convincing evidence to suggest the third option. The first two options lead to the same conclusion. Even if humanity in general is in mind, then the point is that the whole of humanity broke a covenant with God; and so it leads us back to the creation story. For a helpful discussion, see O. Palmer Robertson, The Christ of the Covenants (Phillipsburg, NJ: P & R, 1980), 22-25. 2. Meredith G. Kline, God, Heaven, and Har Magedon: A Covenantal Tale of Cosmos and Telos (Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2006), 68-69 points out: “But man’s immediate challenge was to answer the call…to guard the gates of heaven as God’s viceregent and to vanquish the archenemy…” 3. Michael Horton, God of Promise: Introducing Covenant Theology (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2006), 10. 4. Cf. Geerhardus Vos, Biblical Theology: Old and New Testaments (Eerdmans, 1948; repr., Carlisle, PA: Banner of Truth Trust, 1975), 31-33.