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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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神知道未來吗?祂如何知道?  

2011-10-25 11:19:15|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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这篇文章回答了这个问题:神如何知道未來?
http://www.credomag.com/2011/10/24/the-future-how-does-god-know-it/

答案是:神知道未来,是因为祂预旨未来。God knows what will be because he decreed it.

神是“全知”的,是因为所有的知识都来自祂自己。 
神是造物主,不是被造物。祂(包括祂的知识)是独立自存的,不需要依靠被造物。
英文喜欢用这个方式来表达:God is not “contingent”。

神之所以知道未来,不是因为祂预先知道未来会如何展开,而是因为未来是按照祂在永恒中所计划的而展开的。
God knows the future not as it unfolds but as planned from eternity.

这与阿民念主义者的看法不同,而开放神学( “openness” theology )正是阿民念主义的极端形式。本文作者称开放神学本质上就是无神论。

许多华人教会的牧师都是阿民念主义者(虽然他们嘴巴里都高举神的主权),因为他们主张,神拣选人是因为神“预知”这个人会“信”祂。

若是如此,神就是contingent,即神必须从从在祂以外的事物来学习或取得资讯。
如此,祂就不是“自有永有”的了。

请看原文:

One aspect of God’s omniscience is his knowledge of the future. Open Theists have denied this, of course, but the question is not really a difficult one. Over and again in Scripture God is presented as knowing what will happen. Not just selectively but exhaustively God knows all that will be. Indeed, in Isaiah 46:8-10 God presents his knowledge of the future as proof of his deity: “I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is none like me, declaring the end from the beginning and from ancient times things not yet done, saying, ‘My counsel shall stand, and I will accomplish all my purpose.’”

For this reason I am very willing to describe the “openness” theology as virtual atheism. It has defined God in a way that strips him of that which according to God himself is essential to his deity. But in all this discussion the question at some point must be asked, How does God know the future? Or, more to the point, What is the groundof God’s knowledge? How does God know what he knows? Isaiah answers with some fascinating rhetorical questions: “Who has measured the Spirit of the Lord, or what man shows him his counsel? Whom did he consult, and who made him understand? Who taught him the path of justice, and taught him knowledge, and showed him the way of understanding?” (Isaiah 40:13-14)

Isaiah is stressing the fascinating truth of God’s eternal omniscience. Simply put, God has never learned anything. There was never a time when God said, “Oh! Now I see!” No, God has never learned. He has never gained information from outside himself. That is to say, the ground of God’s knowledge is himself. What this means in reference to future events, then, is that God knows what will be because he decreed it. He knows the future simply because he is the God of the future, ordering all things according to his own purpose.

This is why Scripture speaks of God as unchangeable in all his ways and as never having to adjust his plans (Job 23:13). God has no “Plan B.” He moves forward always toward the end he has decreed. Again, God knows the future not as it unfolds but as planned from eternity.

Understanding that the ground of God’s knowledge is himself uncovers the flaw in a popular view of the doctrine of election also. Arminians argue that God looks ahead, and, seeing who will believe, he then chooses to save them. But this view is a small improvement over openness theology. In this case also God is contingent he learns and gains information from outside himself. But still Isaiah asks, “Whom did he consult?” It simply cannot be the case that God’s election is grounded in a previous human choice of him. His knowledge of whom he will save is grounded in himself.

The God who has revealed himself in Scripture is not a God who, having looked ahead to discover what will be, makes determinations accordingly. He is the God who looks ahead and sees a history that he himself has decreed. He is not contingent. He is sovereign.

That is to say, he is God.

Fred Zaspel holds a Ph.D. in historical theology from the Free University of Amsterdam. He is currently a pastor at the Reformed Baptist Church of Franconia, PA. He is also an Adjunct Professor of Systematic Theology at Calvary Baptist Seminary in Lansdale, PA. He is also the author of The Continuing Relevance of Divine Law (1991); The Theology of Fulfillment (1994); Jews, Gentiles, & the Goal of Redemptive History(1996); New Covenant Theology with Tom Wells (New Covenant Media); The Theology of B.B. Warfield: A Systematic Summary (Crossway, 2010). Fred is married to Kimberly and they have two grown children, Gina and Jim.

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