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基督徒世界观 译介圣经神学

 
 
 

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如果人无法作选择,怎么能说上帝是公平的呢?  

2013-06-19 12:46:20|  分类: 预定论(五要点) |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Question: How can God be fair if man has no choice? 

诚之编译自:

http://www.reformationtheology.com/2013/06/how_can_god_be_fair_if_man_has.php


问:如果人无法作选择,怎么能说上帝是公平的呢?

 

答:我们对事情应该要怎样,会有我们自己的看法。但是圣经所教导的——我盼望你会同意——比起我们的感觉要重要得多。也许这会让你感到吃惊,就是加尔文主义者会同意,圣经的教导是:每个人都有一个选择。但是因为人不爱光、倒爱黑暗(约三19),他们天生是与神为敌的,也认为属灵的事是愚拙的(林前二14),所以他们会自愿地选择拒绝基督。上帝并没有强迫任何人拒绝祂。我们所有的人拒绝祂都是出于自愿的。因此,如果上帝没有选择拯救任何人,而让所有的人都留在他们自我吹嘘的自由意志里,祂仍然是公正的。但是相反地,上帝是怜悯人的,祂选择从地上一大群不配的人当中,拯救了许多不配的人。一旦你以为上帝因为某种原因有义务要拯救你,那么,你的救恩就不再是出于怜悯。所以,人在这个世界会领受两样东西其中的一样:公正或怜悯,但是没有人会领受到不公平。如果有人下了地狱,那是因为他们配下地狱,而且是自愿选择到那里的。如果任由我们自己,这就是我们会做的选择,我们也配得到这样的结果。这就是我们为什么需要恩典才能相信的原因。我们自己的心,坚硬如石。上帝必须改变我们的心,我们才有可能相信(申三十6;结廿六36;约六6365),而这就是圣经所教导的。难道你是说一个人能不靠恩典,光靠他自己的自由意志就会相信基督吗?圣经里面那里可以找到这样的教导呢?

 Question: How can God be fair if man has no choice? 

Answer: What the Bible teaches, and I hope you would agree, is more important than our feelings about the way we think things should be. And perhaps to your surprise, Calvinists would agree with you that the Bible teaches that everyone has a choice, BUT because men love darkness and hate the light (John 3:19, 20) are naturally hostile to God and think all spiritual truth to be foolish (1 Cor 2:14) they will CHOOSE willingly to reject him. God is not coercing anyone to reject him. We (all of us) do so voluntarily. God would therefore be just if he chose to save no one and leave everyone to their own boasted free will. But instead God is merciful and chooses to save many ill-deserving folk out of the mass of ill-deserving folk on the earth. As soon as you think God is somehow obligated to save you then your salvation is no longer of mercy. So men receive one of two things in this world, justice or mercy, but no one receives injustice. If anyone is in hell it is because they deserved it and chose to go there willingly. Left to ourselves that is what we all would choose and deserve. That is why we need grace to believe. Our own hearts are hard as stone. God must change our hearts if we are to believe (Deut 30:6, Ezek 26:36; John 6:63, 65) and that is what the bible teaches. Are you saying that a man can come to faith in Jesus of his own free will apart from grace? Where do you find this in the Scripture?

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